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PID Part I

One of the most fascinating, controversial, famous, and still current, conspiracy theories in the world of music is the legend of the death of Paul McCartney, nicknamed PID (Paul Is Dead), which began to circulate in 1969.

Legend has it that on the night of November 9, 1966, coming out of the rehearsal studio after arguing with the other members of the Beatles, he got into his car and not seeing a red light, went off the road to avoid the impact with another vehicle and slammed into a tree. The car then caught fire and Paul hit his head against the tree. In another version he was completely decapitated. Once his band members heard what had happened they decided not to leak the news to not upset the fans and to not endanger the future of the group, which in that year was at the peak of its success. So they started looking for a look-alike and chose William Campbell, a Scottish actor who underwent plastic surgery to look even more like the defunct Paul. In another version the name of the look-alike is thought to be William Sheppard, a former Canadian police officer. From that moment on, the Beatles no longer performed live, because the “new” Paul was taller than the original, and because he had yet to learn to play and talk like him.

GreatHoax

On the evening of October 12, 1969, DJ Russell Gibb, during a radio show in Detroit, said that the previous night he had received a call from a certain Tom, who argued that the real Paul McCartney died in a car accident in 1966, and, to support his argument, he stated that there were many clues in hidden messages in the Beatles’ songs and on the covers of their albums. About ten days later, another DJ, Roby Yonge, from a New York radio station, commented live about Paul’s death for an hour. At that time a magazine on newsstands titled Paul McCartney Dead: The Great Hoax came out.

Very soon the news spread and fans began to look for hidden messages, all the Beatles’ albums published before and after 1966 were selling like crazy. The reason why these clues were provided, according to the supporters of the legend, was to make the truth known indirectly and gradually.

The first reliable clues can be found on the cover of the album A Collection of Beatles Oldies (But Goldies!). In the word OLDIES is the word DIES, and the letters O and L, that, respectively, precede P and M in the alphabet, hence PM DIES (Paul McCartney dies). Moreover, the road shown on the cover seems to lead into the head of the person depicted on the cover, alluding to the wounds in the neck reported by McCartney as a result of the accident. In addition, for the first time on the cover of the album it says “Beatles” and not “The Beatles” and on the back cover Paul is the only one dressed in black.

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In the video for the single Penny Lane, from the album “Strawberry Fields Forever”, one of the times in which Lennon said, “Nothing is real” there’s a zoom on McCartney, to indicate that this is a “fake” Paul, according to proponents of the theory.

sgt-pepper2Another cover with many clues is that of “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band.” On the right you will see a doll with a car on her womb, there’s an inscription on her shirt that says Welcome The Rolling Stones, who were friends of the band and were aware of the pile-up, and the car seems to be headed right towards the word STONES, with reference to that. At the bottom the name of the group is made up of red flowers and soon after you will see a circular red flower arrangement which, when read together, makes up the word BEATLESO, to be read detached BE AT LESO, as a reference to the supposed burial place of Paul, Lesotho. Just below, there’s a posy of yellow flowers with the shape of a bass (the instrument which Paul played) with only three strings, to represent the three surviving Beatles. Moreover, if you take a closer look it seems to make up the word PAUL. If you look at the four Beatles in the center of the cover, you will notice that McCartney is the only one photographed up front and he is also the only one to have a black tool in his hands. If you take a mirror and put it in front of the writing that appears on the bass drum LONELY HEARTS, you will cut in half the writing and when reading it in the mirror, you will see the phrase 1ONE1X HE DIE, where the 3 words symbolize the three remaining Beatles and HE DIE, even if grammatically incorrect, means he dies or he died. Another interpretation is 1X 11 or November 9, the date of the supposed accident. This is however the “Drum Clue” that is the most complex and intriguing clue among those found. In addition, a very singular thing is that the artist who created the cover was called Joe Ephgrave. We do not have proof of his real existence, therefore it is believed to be a fictitious name created by combining the words epitaph and grave.

110117 copiaThe back of the cover, with the texts of the songs and a photo of the band, still contains many clues, primarily, in the picture Paul is the only one shot from behind, his jacket has three black buttons, and is noticeably taller than the others. Furthermore, next to his head appear the words Without You. George Harrison’s finger is pointing towards the word “at five o’clock” (that would be the time of the accident), and every band member mimics a letter with his hands: George Harrison mimes an L, John Lennon mimes a V and Ringo Starr mimes an E, as if to represent the word LOVE, but Paul, who should have mimed an O, isn’t miming any letter, as if it had been erased. This can be interpreted as the disappearance of McCartney and the affection the Beatles were feeling for him.

Even in the lyrics there are some clues. In the opening track Paul introduces a certain Billy Shears; Billy is the nickname of William, as the likely replacement, and can be interpreted as Billy’s here. In the text of the song “Good Morning Good Morning” there’s the phrase “Nothing to do to save his life, calls his wife”, referring to the accident. The song “A Day in the Life” contains many clues: “He did not Notice that the lights had changed”, “He blew out His Mind in a car”, “They’d seen his face before.” In reality, the song refers to the 1966 car accident, in which Tara Browne, the Guinness heir of the Irish brewery, lost his life. His name was later included in the list of possible replacements for the real Paul. At the end of the album, there is a ghost track, “The Inner Groove”, which constantly repeats something that sounds like “Never could be any other way”, referring to the choice by the band to omit the fact that Paul had died. In the CD booklet there is also another clue: a coat of arms attached to the suit that Paul is wearing and it says “OPD”, which stands for Officially Pronounced Dead, but according to some it stands for Ontario Police Department. This is an odd clue as it would be the police department where Campbell worked before replacing Paul.

the_beatles-magical_mystery_tour-frontalAnother disc, other clues. On the cover of Magical Mystery Tour, a 1967 album, the star-shaped word Beatles, read in the mirror, revealed an English phone number, 5371438. It seems that in the ‘60s a recorded voice would answer at this number saying, “You’re getting closer.” To what? On this same cover of the album, the four Beatles appear dressed as psychedelic strange animals, in which Paul plays the role of a walrus, which for the Eskimos symbolizes death. In the song “I am the Walrus”, Lennon sings “I am the Walrus”, but in the booklet of the CD a certain “Little Nicholas” says, “No, you’re not”; in the same song you can hear a voiceover that, when played backwards, seems to be saying “Ha ha, Paul is dead.” The booklet of the CD has many clues: on page 3 Paul is sitting behind a desk where the words I was are written, and behind him two British flags are folded in mourning, on page 9 the sketch of Paul shows a crack on his head, referring to the injuries sustained in the alleged accident, on page 13, on the bass drum of the percussion you can read “LOVE the 3 Beatles” and, on page 23, Paul is the only one wearing a black flower on his jacket’s buttonhole. In the text of the song “Hello Goodbye”, Paul sings “You say goodbye, I say hello”, that the supporters of the conspiracy have interpreted as a kind of mockery against the real Paul, that is to say “you go out, I go in.”

Annunci

Paul McCartney Part II

The last time he played with Lennon was in 1974 in a studio in Los Angeles, and the records were then placed in an album titled “Toot and a Snore in ’74.”1990-paul-michael-60

In the following years, he began to collaborate with Ringo Starr and published Tug of War, and Pipes of Peace. He then reached the pinnacle of the rankings once again, thanks to the co-written single “Say Say Say” with Michael Jackson.

In 1984, Paul debuted as a film producer and an actor with the film “Give My Regards to Broad Street”, and he also wrote the soundtrack.

Two years later, to give a contemporary feel to his music, he released the album “Press to Play” collaborating with Phil Collins, but the album disappointed critics and was the least sold disc of his solo career. The following year the anthology “All the Best”, containing the unreleased “Once Upon a Long Ago”, was released.

The artistic collaboration with Elvis Costello, with whom McCartney wrote seven songs in total, raised great curiosity.

At the end of the ‘80s he started a new tour, the first after the death of Lennon, “The Paul McCartney World Tour.” His wife Linda also went on tour with him and Paul sang many songs by the Beatles for the first time since the beginning of his solo career.

In 1991 he recorded an acoustic concert for the second season of “MTV Unplugged”, in which he also sang his first song ever “I Lost My Little Girl”, that was included in the album “Unplugged – The Official Bootleg.” Two years later, it was the arrival of “Off the Ground”, followed by a world tour, “The New World Tour” and the album “Paul Is Live.”

After the tour, he went back to the recording studio with Ringo Starr and George Harrison to work on the project “Anthology” by the Beatles, that included documentaries and three double albums of live and study recordings: Anthology 1 (1995), Anthology 2 (1996) and Anthology 3 (1996).

In 1997 he was knighted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, and published the new album Flaming Pie.

Then, he published Rushes I and II, under the pseudonym of “The Fireman”, which revealed his experimental side, with instrumental music in electronic key.

On April 17, 1998 Linda McCartney died of cancer, and Paul momentarily abandoned the music scene, debuting in 1999 as a painter at an exhibition in Munich. Once back in the world of music, he released Run Devil Run, a collection of his interpretations of classic rock ‘n roll of the 50s, with three new songs in the same style.

In the ‘90s he took a liking to classical music. He wrote his first piece for Paul McCartney’s Liverpool Oratorio, commissioned by the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society to celebrate its 150th anniversary. In 1997, he presented another piece, this time it was commissioned by EMI for the 100th anniversary of the label, titled Standing Stone, ending the decade with another piece called Working Classical.

In 2001 he took part in the concert event in memory of the victims of the terrorist attack of September 11, “The Concert for New York City”, composing a new song, Freedom, later recorded on the new album, “Driving Rain.”

The following year he married former model Heather Mills, with whom he had a daughter, Beatrice, and they divorced in 2006. In the same year he launched a world tour, starting in the United States and he even toured in Europe and Japan.

His 2005 album “Chaos and Creations in the Backyard” has sounds that are strongly reminiscent of those of the Beatles.

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The following year he released a new album of classical music, “Ecce Cor Meum”, which took him ten years to put together, and dedicated it to the memory of his first wife Linda. Later an album titled “Memory Almost Full”, preceded by the single “Dance Tonight” was released. The actress Natalie Portman was in the video, which was used by Apple to advertise their products, with Paul as the protagonist of the commercial.

In 2007, papers documented his relationship with Nancy Shevell, 17 years his junior. The couple was married at Westminster Register Office in London in 2011.

In November 2008, he participated in the MTV Europe Music Awards, and won the Ultimate Legend Award that was awarded to him in his hometown, Liverpool.

The same year he played the role of “The Fireman” once again and released the album “Electric Arguments”, composed and performed in thirteen days (one for each track), and recorded in his own studio.

The following year he was a guest at the Neil Young concert at Hyde Park in London and he dueted with McCartney on the song “A Day in the Life” of the Beatles.

On June 1, 2010 he received the Gershwin Award from the Library of Congress in Washington for all of his music pieces, which was given to him by U.S. President Barak Obama. The prize was previously awarded to Paul Simon and Stevie Wonder, and this was the first time that it was assigned to a non-American artist.

After two years “Kisses on the Bottom” was released. This was a tribute album with two new songs on which Stevie Wonder and Eric Clapton collaborated.

In 2012 he closed Queen Elizabeth’s Diamond Double Jubilee Concert, outside Buckingham Palace. In the same year, he closed the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics, playing Hey Jude, and, he performed as the front man for Nirvana, with a piece titled “Cut Me Some Slack.” He had not realized that he was going to play the role of Kurt Cobain, because Dave Grohl, Nirvana’s drummer, told him he would have played with some old friends.

On 8 September 2012 he was decorated with the “Légion d’Honneur” by the French Head of State François Hollande for his music career.

In 2013 his new album, entitled New, came out. In October, in order to launch the album, he held a concert in Times Square in New York. He posted the following tweet via Twitter: “Very excited to be playing in New York Times Square at 1pm this afternoon!”

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Recently there have been rumors of a possible reunion of the surviving Beatles since he has contacted Ringo Starr a number of times.

McCartney appears in the Guinness World Records as the most successful musician and composer of popular music, with 60 gold discs and 100 million singles sold. His song Yesterday holds the record for being the most performed song in history. Paul is also the richest musician thanks to his estate that was valued at £680 million in 2013.

According to a famous legend, McCartney died in a car accident in 1966 and was replaced by a lookalike. Is this true?

Paul McCartney Part I

James Paul McCartney was born in Liverpool, England on June 18, 1942. Thank to his talent, he gained admission to the Liverpool Institute, where he met George Harrison in 1954.

Paul’s mother died in 1956 and for this reason McCartney got closer to John Lennon, whose mother had died when he was 17 years old. Paul’s father gave him a trumpet, but he traded it for an acoustic guitar. As he was left-handed, he had to learn to play it upside down and for this reason he entitled his first song, “I lost my little girl.” Later he learned to play the piano and wrote his second song, “When I’m sixty-four.”

In the summer of 1957 he met John Lennon and the Quarrymen, a band formed by Lennon with some classmates at a party. Lennon ‘s aunt, Mimi Stanley, did not approve of their friendship because of Paul’s origins, and Paul’s father believed that Lennon would get his son in trouble, but despite this, he allowed the Quarrymen to practice in his house. It was Paul that convinced Lennon to welcome George Harrison to the group made up of Stuart Sutcliffe on bass, a friend of Lennon’s, and Pete Best on drums. They started playing together on a tour in Scotland.

In 1962, Best and Sutcliffe left the band, Paul replaced Sutcliffe, and Ringo Starr joined the band as the drummer. They came up with the band name “The Beatles”, during a tour in Hamburg, Germany. In Hamburg they recorded their first published material, as an accompaniment to Tony Sheridan, which drew the attention of a key figure that became important for their future: Brian Epstein. He obtained a contract for the band with Parlophone.

Photo of BEATLES

The next two years the band emerged in Britain and the United States. In 1965 they were decorated with the title of Member of the Order of the British Empire.

After giving concerts, The Beatles, recorded other albums and performed more than 1,400 times around the world. They performed for the last time at the end of their 1966 tour. The equilibrium within the group began to sway due to the musical developments of each member and the death of Epstein. For this reason they began to evaluate individual proposals. McCartney was the first to be involved in solo projects when, in 1966, he composed the soundtrack for the film “The Family Way.”

In 1969 he married the American photographer Linda Eastman, she was divorced and had a daughter, Heather, who was adopted by Paul. The couple had three children: Mary, Stella and James.

In April 1970, a week before the release of his first solo album, McCartney announced that the Beatles were splitting up and they were legally disbanded in December of that year, when Paul sued the other members of the band.

His debut album as a solo artist is titled simply “McCartney” and contains several songs written when he was still with the Beatles, but never published in their albums.

With the desire to be part of a band, he organized a touring band in 1971 with his wife, Linda, Danny Seiwell on drums and Denny Laine on guitar. He called the band Wings, but when the “Wild Life” album came out it disappointed criticism. Later Henry McCullough also joined the band.

The turning point of the Wings was in 1973 with the album Red Rose Speedway and with the worldwide success “Live and Let Die”, the theme song of the James Bond movie with the same name title; but during the summer Seiwell and McCullough left the band. The other members of the Wings, however, decided to start recording the new album “Band on the Run”, that was well received by critics this time.

The following year, Jimmy McCulloch and Joe English joined the band and they recorded two albums “Venus and Mars “, released in 1975, and “Wings at the Speed ​​of Sound”, followed by a world tour, that ended in late 1976 with three concert nights at Wembley Stadium in London.

After some time off from the music scene, and the departure of McCulloch and English, they released the album “London Town”, and McCartney signed a contract with Columbia.

Laurence Juber and Steve Holly were the new musicians that joined the band and the group recorded the last album, “Back to the Egg”, before beginning a promotional tour, but during the trip to Japan, Paul was arrested at the Tokyo airport for possession of marijuana.

McCartney-II

Four months later, he decided to go back to the music scene as a solo artist, with a new album, “McCartney II”, released in 1980.

In the same year John Lennon died and Paul decided not to give concerts for a while, as he feared he was the “next one” to be murdered. This led to a conflict with Danny Laine, who, instead, wanted to continue to perform, and decided to leave Wings, so McCartney disbanded the group soon after.

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