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PID Part II

In the White Album, on the poster of the booklet found inside the album, you can find other clues. There is an individual, who is thought to be William Campbell before undergoing plastic surgery, and, at the top left corner, a picture portrays Paul in a bathtub with foam around his head and he is placed in a strange position, an allusion to the scene of the accident. If you listen to the chorus of “Revolution 9” backwards it says, “Paul is dead, Paul is dead.” You also hear some comments about a surgeon and a dentist who did not do their job well. Is this an allusion to the work done on Paul’s replacement? In the bargain, the album cover is white, and in some cultures this color is a symbol of mourning.

AllCDCovers_beatles_yellow_submarine_1969_retail_cd-front-550x540Yet another disc, other clues. This time we are going to take a closer look at “Yellow Submarine.” On the album cover, the yellow submarine seems buried on a hill, and someone noted that the design of the submarine looks like a yellow coffin. In the song, precisely at 1:41, you can hear a voice that says: “Paul is dead”, while, in “All You Need Is Love”, the voiceover, says, “Yeah, he’s dead, we loved you yeah, yeah, yeah.”

Abbey-Road-Album-Cover-The album that validates even more the myth of the alleged death of Paul McCartney is Abbey Road. On the cover of the disc are the four Beatles crossing the road at a zebra crossing as if they were in a procession. The first from the right is Lennon, who is dressed in white, as if he were a priest, followed by Starr, who is wearing a dark suit and is associated with the pallbearer. Right after him there’s Paul, barefoot and with his eyes closed, he has a cigarette in his right hand (but Paul is left-handed), and finally we have Harrison in jeans, who is thought to be the one who digs Paul’s grave. Paul is also represented out of step with the others, as to underline his alienation from the group. To the left, there’s a white Beetle with the number plate LMW 28IF, interpreted as “28 IF” (he was still alive). But this is an inaccurate clue because the picture was taken on August 8, 1969, and Paul, who was born on June 18, 1942, would have been 27, but if you consider that some cultures calculate the age from conception it all adds up. Many people believe that LMW stands for “Lie ‘Mongst the Wadding”, a poem written by the American writer Stephen Crane, who also died at the age of 28, which appears in the “Sgt. Pepper’” collage. Across the street there is a black pickup truck, which many people argue was the car that flocked at the scene of the accident in the ‘60s in England. The only house number that you can see is the 3, indicating the remaining Beatles. On the back cover, the word Beatles has a crack running through the S, and then, a reflection on the wall appears to create a skull. Finally, you can see some dots on the wall, which if connected form the number 3.

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On the cover of the album Let It Be, Paul is the only one who looks in a different direction, and he’s the only one that appears in a red background. Also, if you listen to the chorus of the song backwards, you can perceive the phrase “He’s Been Dead.”

The third volume of “Anthology” also has some clues. The picture shows the faces of the Beatles, but while those of Lennon, Harrison and Starr are the same as the ones found on the cover of Let It Be, the photo that portrays Paul was taken from the album Rubber Soul, as to deliberately put an image of the “real” Paul and not that of his double.

Strangely, many clues can also be found in McCartney’s solo albums throughout his career.

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On the cover of the first solo album, titled “McCartney”, there’s the image of an empty cup with leftovers of cherry juice and cherries scattered around. In England there is an old proverb that says, “Life is just a bowl of cherries”, so the empty cup symbolizes the life that has ended.

[AllCDCovers]_paul_linda_mccartney_ram_retail_cd-frontIn another album, Ram, on the right side of the cover, is the acronym LILY that was officially translated as “Linda I Love You”, but if you repeat the same test carried out for the album “Sgt Pepper’s”, you can see the Roman number “III” once again, indicating three living band members and a dead one, or it can also refer to 9 November, the hypothetical date of the alleged accident.

The original copies of “London Town” included a poster in which you see a picture of Paul and Linda on a boat with the word “Substitute” above their heads, as to highlight the replacement of Paul, called “Faul” by proponents of the theory.

In the 1984 movie, starring Paul McCartney, titled Give My Regards To Broad Street, there’s a scene where he enters a room and he’s introduced as William, which is his real name.

In the 2007 album “Memory Almost Full” there are other clues. When listening to the song “Gratitude” backwards the following words can be perceived: “Who is this now? I was … Willie Campbell.”

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In 1969 a compilation album, titled “Very Together” was released in Canada and on the cover there’s a picture of four candles placed on a candelabra, three of which are lit and one has just been blown out. The four candles represent the Beatles whereas the blown out candle represents Paul.

Other irrefutable evidence can be attributed to Paul’s shoes. As a matter of fact, Faul, the substitute, was taller and it is believed that he wore bigger-sized shoes. A 1964 magazine wrote about Paul’s general information, such as his height, weight, hair color and shoe size, which was 41. But, in 2006, Paul gave a pair of his shoes to charity, which were size 44.

In 2009, two Italian experts, Francis Gavezzini, a computer technician, and Gabriella Carlesi, a coroner, conducted an anthropometry and a craniotomy study on the photos of Paul before and after the alleged accident, using sophisticated techniques of forensic medicine, to see whether he was the same person. Surprisingly, the results keep open the possibility that they are not the same person, given that the data (shape of the skull and jaw, curve of the jaw, the ear, palate and teeth) suggest that, although the body parts are very similar, they might belong to two different people. Additional studies were conducted in 2013 by the Italian anthropometric and biometric expert Daniel Gullà on behalf of the Italian TV show Mistero broadcast on Italia 1. The results show that the unchangeable parts of the face (the distance between the eyes, the length of the teeth, etc.) and the audio recordings of his voice, when compared to the pictures and the voice of Paul before and after 1966 have no common elements.

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In 2010 the news that the Aston Martin DB5 owned by Paul McCartney was located near Milan, in Italy, and was being restored by order of the new owner spread like wildfire. Moreover, signs of a car accident dating back to 1966 were found.

It is believed that the Beatles did not disclose the news of Paul’s death in order to avoid the shock of McCartney’s fans as well as for economic and political interests. Moreover, the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI5) allegedly intervened actively in the cover-up operation. It is believed that the inability to bear the burden of this terrible secret was the main cause that led to the dissolution of the group and the murder of Lennon in 1980, at the hands of the MI5, because Lennon threatened to reveal the truth.

Who is hidden behind Paul?

There are many names on the list: the previously mentioned names include William Campbell and William Sheppard, which are the most reliable, but other names were gradually added to the list including that of Tara Browne, who officially died in a car accident in 1966. Strangely, Paul McCartney’s children, Stella and James, have striking similarities with Tara Browne’s parents.

Is this just a coincidence?

Who really is Paul McCartney?

Annunci

PID Part I

One of the most fascinating, controversial, famous, and still current, conspiracy theories in the world of music is the legend of the death of Paul McCartney, nicknamed PID (Paul Is Dead), which began to circulate in 1969.

Legend has it that on the night of November 9, 1966, coming out of the rehearsal studio after arguing with the other members of the Beatles, he got into his car and not seeing a red light, went off the road to avoid the impact with another vehicle and slammed into a tree. The car then caught fire and Paul hit his head against the tree. In another version he was completely decapitated. Once his band members heard what had happened they decided not to leak the news to not upset the fans and to not endanger the future of the group, which in that year was at the peak of its success. So they started looking for a look-alike and chose William Campbell, a Scottish actor who underwent plastic surgery to look even more like the defunct Paul. In another version the name of the look-alike is thought to be William Sheppard, a former Canadian police officer. From that moment on, the Beatles no longer performed live, because the “new” Paul was taller than the original, and because he had yet to learn to play and talk like him.

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On the evening of October 12, 1969, DJ Russell Gibb, during a radio show in Detroit, said that the previous night he had received a call from a certain Tom, who argued that the real Paul McCartney died in a car accident in 1966, and, to support his argument, he stated that there were many clues in hidden messages in the Beatles’ songs and on the covers of their albums. About ten days later, another DJ, Roby Yonge, from a New York radio station, commented live about Paul’s death for an hour. At that time a magazine on newsstands titled Paul McCartney Dead: The Great Hoax came out.

Very soon the news spread and fans began to look for hidden messages, all the Beatles’ albums published before and after 1966 were selling like crazy. The reason why these clues were provided, according to the supporters of the legend, was to make the truth known indirectly and gradually.

The first reliable clues can be found on the cover of the album A Collection of Beatles Oldies (But Goldies!). In the word OLDIES is the word DIES, and the letters O and L, that, respectively, precede P and M in the alphabet, hence PM DIES (Paul McCartney dies). Moreover, the road shown on the cover seems to lead into the head of the person depicted on the cover, alluding to the wounds in the neck reported by McCartney as a result of the accident. In addition, for the first time on the cover of the album it says “Beatles” and not “The Beatles” and on the back cover Paul is the only one dressed in black.

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In the video for the single Penny Lane, from the album “Strawberry Fields Forever”, one of the times in which Lennon said, “Nothing is real” there’s a zoom on McCartney, to indicate that this is a “fake” Paul, according to proponents of the theory.

sgt-pepper2Another cover with many clues is that of “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band.” On the right you will see a doll with a car on her womb, there’s an inscription on her shirt that says Welcome The Rolling Stones, who were friends of the band and were aware of the pile-up, and the car seems to be headed right towards the word STONES, with reference to that. At the bottom the name of the group is made up of red flowers and soon after you will see a circular red flower arrangement which, when read together, makes up the word BEATLESO, to be read detached BE AT LESO, as a reference to the supposed burial place of Paul, Lesotho. Just below, there’s a posy of yellow flowers with the shape of a bass (the instrument which Paul played) with only three strings, to represent the three surviving Beatles. Moreover, if you take a closer look it seems to make up the word PAUL. If you look at the four Beatles in the center of the cover, you will notice that McCartney is the only one photographed up front and he is also the only one to have a black tool in his hands. If you take a mirror and put it in front of the writing that appears on the bass drum LONELY HEARTS, you will cut in half the writing and when reading it in the mirror, you will see the phrase 1ONE1X HE DIE, where the 3 words symbolize the three remaining Beatles and HE DIE, even if grammatically incorrect, means he dies or he died. Another interpretation is 1X 11 or November 9, the date of the supposed accident. This is however the “Drum Clue” that is the most complex and intriguing clue among those found. In addition, a very singular thing is that the artist who created the cover was called Joe Ephgrave. We do not have proof of his real existence, therefore it is believed to be a fictitious name created by combining the words epitaph and grave.

110117 copiaThe back of the cover, with the texts of the songs and a photo of the band, still contains many clues, primarily, in the picture Paul is the only one shot from behind, his jacket has three black buttons, and is noticeably taller than the others. Furthermore, next to his head appear the words Without You. George Harrison’s finger is pointing towards the word “at five o’clock” (that would be the time of the accident), and every band member mimics a letter with his hands: George Harrison mimes an L, John Lennon mimes a V and Ringo Starr mimes an E, as if to represent the word LOVE, but Paul, who should have mimed an O, isn’t miming any letter, as if it had been erased. This can be interpreted as the disappearance of McCartney and the affection the Beatles were feeling for him.

Even in the lyrics there are some clues. In the opening track Paul introduces a certain Billy Shears; Billy is the nickname of William, as the likely replacement, and can be interpreted as Billy’s here. In the text of the song “Good Morning Good Morning” there’s the phrase “Nothing to do to save his life, calls his wife”, referring to the accident. The song “A Day in the Life” contains many clues: “He did not Notice that the lights had changed”, “He blew out His Mind in a car”, “They’d seen his face before.” In reality, the song refers to the 1966 car accident, in which Tara Browne, the Guinness heir of the Irish brewery, lost his life. His name was later included in the list of possible replacements for the real Paul. At the end of the album, there is a ghost track, “The Inner Groove”, which constantly repeats something that sounds like “Never could be any other way”, referring to the choice by the band to omit the fact that Paul had died. In the CD booklet there is also another clue: a coat of arms attached to the suit that Paul is wearing and it says “OPD”, which stands for Officially Pronounced Dead, but according to some it stands for Ontario Police Department. This is an odd clue as it would be the police department where Campbell worked before replacing Paul.

the_beatles-magical_mystery_tour-frontalAnother disc, other clues. On the cover of Magical Mystery Tour, a 1967 album, the star-shaped word Beatles, read in the mirror, revealed an English phone number, 5371438. It seems that in the ‘60s a recorded voice would answer at this number saying, “You’re getting closer.” To what? On this same cover of the album, the four Beatles appear dressed as psychedelic strange animals, in which Paul plays the role of a walrus, which for the Eskimos symbolizes death. In the song “I am the Walrus”, Lennon sings “I am the Walrus”, but in the booklet of the CD a certain “Little Nicholas” says, “No, you’re not”; in the same song you can hear a voiceover that, when played backwards, seems to be saying “Ha ha, Paul is dead.” The booklet of the CD has many clues: on page 3 Paul is sitting behind a desk where the words I was are written, and behind him two British flags are folded in mourning, on page 9 the sketch of Paul shows a crack on his head, referring to the injuries sustained in the alleged accident, on page 13, on the bass drum of the percussion you can read “LOVE the 3 Beatles” and, on page 23, Paul is the only one wearing a black flower on his jacket’s buttonhole. In the text of the song “Hello Goodbye”, Paul sings “You say goodbye, I say hello”, that the supporters of the conspiracy have interpreted as a kind of mockery against the real Paul, that is to say “you go out, I go in.”

Amy Winehouse

Amy Jade Winehouse nació el 14 de septiembre de 1983 en Inglaterra.

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Su amor por la música la lleva a crear, a la edad de diez años, un grupo de rap llamado Sweet ‘n’ Sour, y a la edad de trece años recibe su primera guitarra como regalo. En 1999 se unió a la Joven Orquesta Nacional de Jazz como cantante profesional.

En 2002, su amigo y cantante de soul Tyler James, envió un demo de Amy  a un cazatalentos, y así firmó un contrato con el sello discográfico Universal. En 2003 lanzaron su primer álbum, Frank, a partir de los sonidos del jazz, con canciones escritas por la misma Winehouse. El álbum recibió elogios de la crítica y comparándose su voz con la de Macy Gray.

En 2004 ganó el Premio Ivor Novello por la mejor canción contemporánea por el single Stronger Than Me. Al mismo tiempo escribió una canción para Tyler James, titulada Long Day y presente en el álbum de James, The Unlikely Lad.

En 2005, la cantante pasó una mala epoca, abusando de alcohol y drogas, perdiendo mucho peso y con cambios de humor violentos. Pero es desde mediados de 2006 que la situación degenera, cuando Amy perdió a su abuela, con quien estaba muy unida.

El 27 de octubre de 2006, se lanzó su segundo álbum, Black To Black, que consagra el éxito en todo el mundo. El primer sencillo, Rehab, conocido tema que suena en todas partes, habla del rechazo de la cantante a desintoxicarse de alcohol y drogas. El segundo single, You Know I’m No Good, no llegó a la parte alta de las listas de éxitos, pero siguió recibiendo críticas positivas. El tercer sencillo es el título del álbum, Black to Black, tuvo un gran éxito como el primer single, ganando los MTV Europe Music Awards 2007, en los que se presentó en estado de confusión. En el mismo año actuó en la Isla de Wight Festival, junto con los Rolling Stones. Luego lanzó el sencillo Love Is A Losing Game, considerada una de sus mejores canciones, con la que ganó el Premio Ivor Novello en 2008; esta canción también fue presentada como texto de examen en Cambridge. Siempre en 2008 ganó cinco premios Grammy. Impulsada por el éxito, escribió tres canciones nuevas: Friends, Valerie y Cupid.

amy10Entre las salidas del primer y segundo álbum, la cantante perdió cuatro tallas y dice que fué debido a los comentarios sobre su peso; sucesivamente admitió que había sufrido de trastornos de la alimentación. En 2007, el periódico británico The Sun reveló su relación con Blake Fielder-Civil; los dos se casaron el 18 de mayo de 2007 en Florida. En el verano de ese mismo año se cancelaron una serie de conciertos en Europa y en el Reino Unido; poco después fue hospitalizada por una sobredosis causada por un cóctel de drogas, admitiendo en sucesivas entrevistas de haber tenido problemas sumados al autolesionismo, la depresión y la anorexia.

El 18 de octubre de 2007 fue arrestada en Noruega por posesión de marihuana y puesta en libertad tras una fianza de 500 Euros.

El 21 de enero de 2008 comenzó a circular en la web un video en el que la cantante fumaba crack y afirmaba haber tomado seis Valium para tranquilizarse.

El 27 de junio, después de salir del hospital donde había sido ingresada por un enfisema pulmonar, actuó en el Hyde Park de Londres para celebrar el 90° cumpleaños de Nelson Mandela.

El 23 de julio del mismo año, su escultura de cera fue colocada en el museo de Madame Tussauds en Londres, donde aún sigue hoy en día.

Mientras tanto, continuó trabajando sobre el nuevo álbum.

En 2009, el marido de Amy pidió el divorcio, que le fue concedido el 16 de julio, oficializando el 6 de agosto y definitivo el día 28 del mismo mes. Después del divorcio, Amy tuvo una relación de casi dos años con el director Reg Traviss, y más tarde con Pete Doherty, pero esta relación salió a la luz sólo en 2012.

El 16 de noviembre, Amy se sometió a operaciones de cirugía estetica para aumentar el tamaño de sus pechos.

En el mismo año fundó el sello discográfico Lioness Records, inspirándose, para el nombre, en un collar que le había donado su abuela, en el que se representa a una leona.

El 8 de octubre de 2010 se exibió en el Burlesque de la ciudad de Londres con su padre, mostrándose sobria. En noviembre, anunció su regreso a la escena musical con una serie de conciertos por toda Europa. En el mismo año, el guitarrista de los Rolling Stones, Keith Richards, le dio consejos para dejar la droga, como ya lo había hecho en 2008, diciéndole que no permitiese que la droga estropease su vida y su carrera. Winehouse afirmó que estaba colaborando con la marca británica Fred Perry para la creación de una línea de moda.

La cantante presentó una solicitud de adopción de una niña caribeña, se la concedieron, pero a la niña no le dió tiempo de ir a vivir con ella ya que durante el período de su traslado Amy falleció.

En 2011, con motivo de la apertura de la gira europea, se exibió borracha en Belgrado, hecho que causó la cancelación de toda la gira; Amy acusó seguidamente a los guardaespaldas de haberla obligada a subir a un escenario sin dejarla bajar. Al mismo tiempo, la cantante fue denunciada por la nueva novia de su ex marido por acoso: la mujer dijo que le preocupaba que el compañero no pudiese olvidarla.

El 20 julio de 2011 hace su última aparición en público asistiendo al Festival iTunes Londres.

amy-winehouse-that-grape-juiceEl 23 de julio de 2011 Amy Winehouse fue encontrada muerta en la cama en su casa sita al número 30 de Camden Square. La autopsia, realizada el 25 de julio, no aclarió la verdadera causa de su muerte. Después de numerosas pruebas, un portavoz declaró que no habían sido encontrados rastros de drogas, sólo alcohol, sin aclarar lo que realmente influyó en la muerte. Tenía 27 años de edad, y con ella se habría reabierto el círculo de los malditos “Club27”.

El funeral tuvo lugar el 26 de julio en el Crematorio Golders Green con el ritual judío, en el norte de Londres, permaneciendo las cenizas mucho tiempo en casa de su padre, hasta que se encontró su ubicación definitiva: unidas a las de su abuela, se esparcieron por todo el Cementerio judío de Edgwarebury, donde más tarde fue erigido un monumento de mármol negro con los nombres de Amy y su abuela en rosa, y en la base del cual se representa un libro.

El 27 de octubre se dieron a conocer los resultados de las pruebas toxicológicas que detectaron la presencia de niveles de alcohol cinco veces superior al límite permitido para conducir. Por lo tanto, se afirmó que la muerte fue causada por una conmoción llamada “stop and go”, es decir, por tomar una cantidad elevada de alcohol después de un largo período de abstinencia.

El 14 de septiembre de 2011, el día en que Amy hubiera cumplido 28 años, se insituyó la Fundación “Amy Winehouse”, una organización benéfica con el objetivo de ayudar a los jóvenes con graves dificultades. Entre las muchas actividades para la recaudación de fondos, se puso al vestido de lunares que Amy llevaba para la portada del álbum Black to Black, que se vendió por 36.000 esterlinas.

A principios de 2012 se descubrió que el médico forense adjunto, una mujer, había sido nombrada por su marido, que era médico, sin tener todos los requisitos necesarios para efectuar dicho trabajo. El padre de la cantante anunció que se haría todo lo posible para garantizar que la verdad saliera a la superficie.

Otra curiosidad acerca de la investigación fue la pérdida de ciertos documentos relativos a las causas de la muerte, enviados por la policía a la dirección equivocada, y que no se encuentraron nunca más.

El 8 de mayo de 2012 se lanzó un álbum homenaje a la cantante, titulado Amy’s Jukebox: The Music That Inspired Amy Winehouse, cuyas ganancias fueron donadas a la Fundación “Amy Winehouse”.

En el día del primer aniversario de la muerte de la estrella, su ex marido encontró los mensajes que Amy le había dejado antes de que ella muriese; después de pocas horas fue hospitalizado por un intento de suicidio.

En enero de 2013, el médico a cargo de la investigación científica afirmó que no fue voluntad de Amy quitarse su vida, a pesar de que hubiese estado bebiendo demasiado. El hermano de Winehouse declaró que no estaba muerta a causa del alcohol, sino por las perturbaciones que Amy siempre había sufrido (la anorexia y la bulimia). La causa de la muerte aún es un misterio.

A Amy Winehouse se le recuerda por su voz profunda y potente, su estilo años 50, y sus ojos, aunque, a menudo se le asocia con los problemas graves que tuvo con alcohol y drogas. Sus discos todavía resuenan en nuestras mentes. También ella se ha ido demasiado pronto, como todos los demás. Tal vez porque, como todos los otros, estaba destinada a convertirse en un icono del firmamento rock.

Kurt Cobain

Kurt Donald Cobain nació el 20 de febrero de 1967 en Aberdeen, EE.UU.

Sus antepasados ​​irlandeses, cuyo apellido era originalmente Cobane, emigraron en 1875 instalándose en Washington.

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Kurt empezó a manifestar su interés por la música desde los dos años de edad, siendo capaz de interpretar cualquier canción que se le pidiese.

Cuando tenía siete años sus padres se separaron, hecho que influyó en gran medida en el niño que de repente se volvió deprimido e infeliz. La relación con su padre empeoró cuando decidió casarse con otra mujer.

En 1974, con motivo de sus cumpleaños, recibió como regalo por parte de una tía suya una guitarra eléctrica y un amplificador. Aprendió a tocar de inmediato y así comenzó a escribir sus primeras canciones. Kurt era ambidiestro, pero decidió tocar el instrumento con la mano izquierda porque había pocos músicos zurdos y pensó que así se destacaria de los demás.

El 1985 fue un año de cambios radicales en su vida: dejó la escuela, su madre lo echó de la casa y se alojó en casa de un amigo suyo, mientras trabajaba como profesor de natación. A partir de esta experiencia surgió las canciónes Something in the Way y Illiteracy Will Preval, que también contó con la presencia de Dale Crover.

En 1986 Kurt fue arrestado por vandalismo y condenado a treinta días de cárcel y a pagar 180 dólares de multa. Posteriormente fue puesto en libertad condicional.

En 1987, Kurt y Krist Novoselic fundaron con el baterista Chad Channing el grupo Nirvana. En 1989, publican su primer álbum, Bleach. Mientras tanto Cobain conoció a Courtney Love con quien se comprometió sentimentalmente; su relación fue descrita como “inestable” por los medios de comunicación por su continuo uso de drogas.

En 1990 ingresó en la formación el baterista Dave Grohl, en sustitución de Chad Channing, lanzando en 1991 Nevermind, que fue un gran éxito con lo que la banda pasó a ser conocida en todo el mundo.

El 24 de febrero de 1992 Kurt y Courtney se casaron en Hawaii, y el 18 de agosto del mismo año nació su hija, Frances Bean Cobain. Su nombre deriva de la cantante de The Vaselines, Frances McKee, y la forma de habichuela que el feto tenía en la primera ecografía. Sin embargo un artículo publicado en una revista acusó a Courney Love de abusar de drogas durante el embarazo; tal fue el revuelo mediatico que la pareja perdió la custodia de la niña. Se vió obligada a someterse a curas de desintoxicación y enfrentarse a varios procesos legales para ganar el caso y volver a ser una familia. Pero la fama de “malos padres”, nunca los abandonó.

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En 1993 aparece un nuevo álbum de Nirvana, In Utero, que ganó mucho, aunque Kurt empezaba a sentirse incómodo con la atención de los medios de comunicación y de sus aficionados, y comenzó a centrarse sobre todo en la música de la banda. Realizó una gira, durante la cual Cobain sufrió de síndrome de abstinencia, y cuando regresó a casa, tuvo una recaída con la heroína. Justo antes de un concierto en julio de 1993, Kurt sufrió un ataque, y Courtney, en lugar de llamar a una ambulancia, le inyectó naloxona para sacarlo de su estado de inconsciencia. En estas condiciones se exibió, y la actuación se recuerda como una de las mejores; el público no supo nada de lo ocurrido.

El 23 de febrero de 1994, el grupo hizo su última aparición en televisión en una emisora ​​italiana. El 1 de marzo del mismo año a Kurt le diagnostica

ron una bronquitis y una laringitis. El 2 de marzo, volaba hacia Roma con su esposa y su hija para unas vacaciones, pero durante la noche Courtney se dio cuenta de que su marido había tomado una sobredosis. Fue transportado al hospital Umberto I de Roma, donde fue salvado gracias a la administración de unos medicamentos, y posteriormente trasladado al Hospital Americano, donde permaneció en coma inducido durante toda la noche, y una vez más, fue dado de alta al cabo de unos días. El 18 de marzo, Love llamó a la policía alarmadas por el hecho de que su marido se podría disparar, dado que se había encerrado en una habitación con una pistola; cuando llegaron los agentes le confiscaron algunas armas y pastillas que Cobain negó que fueran suyas, y diciendo que no tenía intención de suicidarse. Aceptó de someterse a un programa de desintoxicación en una clínica de Los Ángeles, donde ingresó el 30 de marzo. Al día siguiente, el 1 de abril, recibió la visita de su hija, y por la noche salió a fumar un cigarrillo, pero saltó el muro de dos metros, tomó un taxi y pidió que lo llevara al aeropuerto, donde tomó un vuelo hacia Seattle. A la mañana siguiente fue a su casa y habló con Michael DeWitt, contratado como niñera y que entonces vivía allí. En los días siguientes fue visto por muchos en los alrededores de Seattle. El 3 de abril, Courtney contrató a un investigador privado para encontrar a su marido.

El 8 de abril de 1994, Kurt Cobain fue encontrado muerto en el invernadero de una casa cerca del lago Washington, propiedad de Gary Smith. Fue él quien encontró a el cadáver recostado, con un poco de sangre que fluía de la oreja, pero sin signos de traumas en particular, junto a una escopeta. Tenía 27 años.

Una carta fue encontrada cerca de él, en la que Kurt escribió las palabras de despedida, pero parecía más una despedida de la música que de la vida.

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La autopsia confirmó que la muerte de Cobain fue un suicidio causado por una bala que se disparó en la cabeza, pero tal vez no todo el mundo sabe que también se encontró una cantidad de drogas tres veces superior a la utilizada por persona para sufrir una sobredosis, y en esas condiciones seguramente no habría tenido las facultades mentales y físicas para suicidarse. Queda por tanto la duda sobre la verdadera causa de su muerte.

Kurt Cobain sigue siendo la estrella de rock por excelencia de la música grunge estadounidense, con su pelo largo, los pantalones vaqueros y camisetas olgadas. Ha hecho soñar a millones de fanáticos con sus canciones y su voz rugiente y mordiente. Con él parecía cerrarse el círculo de Club 27, pero no fue así.

Jim Morrison

James Douglas Morrison nació el 8 de diciembre de 1943 en Melbourne, Florida.

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Debido al trabajo de su padre, su familia tuvo que mudarse varias veces, hasta que se trasladó a sus abuelos para frecuentar la universidad. De estudiante brillante y talentoso, impulsado por las lecturas continuas, se convirtió en un rebelde con un ánimo oscuro y su rendimiento académico redujo significativamente. Después de la universidad, su familia se estableció en California, en Los Angeles, y Jim se matriculó en la universidad, en la facultad de cinematografía. Allí conoció a Ray Manzarek que le propuso formar una banda después de escucharlo cantar. Así que pronto se unieron Robby Krieger a la guitarra y John Densmore a la batería y Morrison llamó el grupo The Doors, siguiendo el ejemplo de una línea de William Blake utilizada por Aldous Huxley en su ensayo “Las puertas de la percepción” sobre los efectos de la mescalina.

En 1956 a la banda se le ofreció un contrato por el sello discrográfico Columbia. Ellos empezaron a girar los clubes más famosos en el área de Los Angeles, y en uno de ellos, Jim conoció a la que más tarde llegó a ser su novia, Pamela Courson. Más tarde fue la Elektra Records que ofreció al grupo un contrato que incluía un compromiso de siete álbumes y la banda estuvo de acuerdo. Mientras tanto, Jim se fue a vivir con Pamela en Hollywood.

El 4 de enero de 1967 lanzó su primer álbum, homónimo, que fue un gran éxito, tanto que la banda realizó una gira nacional en la que Jim realizó extraños números. Por ejemplo, en la fecha de 9 de abril, Jim realizó su “número de la cuerda”, o sea caminar como un acróbata al borde del escenario; sin embargo, el número salió mal, y Jim cayó para tres yardas antes de acabar en la audiencia. Además, el 9 de junio, hizo girar el micrófono y golpeó al promotor del grupo en la cara. El 16 de junio, visiblemente borracho, empezó a desnudarse, pero fue detenido por tiempo, y al día siguiente, poniéndose el micrófono en la boca para producir un sonido extraño, se interrumpió el concierto. Fue apodado The Lizard King, El Rey Lagarto, por su interés en el mundo de los reptiles y la cultura de los chamanes. Sus actuaciones comenzaron a ser cada vez más salvaje e imprevisible, pero siempre de gran éxito.

En 1968 llegó el álbum Waiting For The Sun, que fue acogido favorablemente, al que siguieron varios conciertos. El 5 de julio, se realizó un concierto en el Hollywood Bowl de Los Ángeles, el evento rock del año, pero Jim, extrañamente, no se exibió en su números, concentrandose más en las canciones que estaba cantando, pero sólo ocho días más tarde, durante la etapa de Vancouver Canadá, cientos de fans se subieron al escenario para bailar con Jim en una extraña danza.jim-morrison (1)

En el verano de ese mismo año la canción Hello, I love you llegó a la cima de la clasificación, The Doors estaban a la cumbre de su éxito, y sus conciertos llevaban al público al borde de la emoción. Sin embargo, el abuso de alcohol por parte de Jim comenzó a afectar las actividades del grupo.

Comenzaron una gira por Europa y en los Estados Unidos, pero el concierto de Miami degeneró en una gran revuelta pública incitada por un Morrison borracho y visionario. Fue así juzgado y condenado por cargos menores, pero absueltos de los cargos de la embriaguez y la obscenidad. Este episodio, sin embargo, sancionó el declive de la banda. Se cancelaron varias etapas de la gira.

En julio de 1969 se lanzó su cuarto álbum, The Soft Parade, pero no tuvo mucho éxito. En esos días murió Brian Jones, el líder de los Rolling Stones, y Jim escribió un poema en su honor titulado “Ode to L.A. While Thinking of Brian Jones, Deceased” (Oda a Los Ángeles mientras que el pensamiento de Brian Jones, fallecido), que distribuyó al concierto en el Aquarius Theater en Hollywood a finales de julio. El 27 de julio, en el Pop Festival en Seattle, iluminado por un foco rojo, asumió la posición del crucifijo delante de un público desconcertado e incrédulo.

En 1970 salió Morrison Hotel, que contiene la famosísima Roadhouse Blues. Más tarde fue lanzado Absolutely Live, el cual contiene temas en vivo de sus actuaciones en el período 69-70.

El 23 de diciembre se realizó la última actuación pública de la banda, con Jim visiblemente alterado, que cayó varias veces al suelo dañando algunos de los objetos en el escenario. En el mismo periodo, Pamela Morrison se mudó a París y Jim decidió seguirla. Salió en abril de 1971 L.A. Woman, el último álbum grabado antes de la muerte del cantante.

Jim se mudó a París con la intención de dejar de beber y dedicarse exclusivamente a la poesía, pero el 3 de julio de 1971, a la edad de 27 años, murió en circunstancias todavía no claras en el hogar donde vivía con Pamela desde hace unos meses. Los miembros supervivientes de The Doors lanzaron dos álbumes más, antes de separarse en 1972. Pamela, su compañera, murió por una sobredosis tres años después de su compañero. Jim fue enterrado en el cementerio de Père Lachaise, en París, que con los años se ha convertido en un lugar de peregrinación de aficionados y turistas.

La muerte de Jim Morrison sigue siendo un misterio. Los informes médicos oficiales afirman que su muerte se produjo debido por un paro cardíaco en su casa, pero nunca ha habido alguna autopsia o un análisis sobre su cuerpo. Alguien sostiene que, de hecho, él todavía está vivo y que fingió su muerte para escapar de una popularidad que lo estaba asfixiando. De hecho, fue él mismo quien propuso fingir su propia muerte para desaparecer y también propuso sustituir su nombre con Mojo Risin para contactar a las oficinas una vez huido a África. Un asistente recuerda que Jim le preguntó una vez cuáles consecuencias tendría su falsa muerte.

Pero para aquellos que están convencidos de que él está muerto sigue el misterio que aletea sobre su desaparición. Su cuerpo se encontró sumergido en la bañera de su casa, pero muchos sostienen que es muerto en otro lugar por una sobredosis de heroína. De hecho, a menudo frecuentaba el Rock ‘ N Roll Circus, un lugar de reunión popular local para los adictos a la heroína. Otra cosa curiosa es que un camello confió a un amigo de Pamela acerca de la droga que le había vendido, preocupado de que Jim podría ser muerto por su culpa. Otra curiosidad radica en las declaraciones de el periodista Sam Bernett, un amigo de Jim, quien afirmó que en la noche del 3 de julio Jim estaba en el local y, después de beber y esnifar heroína, se había encerrado en el cuarto de baño. Media hora más tarde Bernett fue informada de que Jim todavía no había salido, así que echó abajo la puerta y lo encontró tirado en el suelo echando espuma por la boca, mezclada con sangre. Para ocultar lo que había ocurrido, el cuerpo fue traido a casa y sumergido en la bañera, que suele ser el primer lugar donde la víctima se lleva después de una sobredosis para tentar una reanimación. Alimentando esta tesis se agregan otras declaraciones. Un habitual que estaba presente esa noche, dijo que el cuerpo fue trasportado fuera del local a través de la salida posterior de la sala y también dijo que él sabía que el traficante de drogas que había suministrado la droga a Jim había afirmado que era 90% puro, cuando en realidad era alrededor de 20-30 %. Además, en los años siguientes, docenas y docenas de personas han dicho cómo Jim ha muerto en el baño del local, sin saber nada de la versión de un ataque al corazón en la bañera. Pero cualquiera que sea la causa de su muerte, lo cierto es que Jim desastrosamente se mató con sus propias manos.Travel Trip Famous Boneyards

Después de su muerte nació la idea de la llamada “Maldición de la J27 y el Club de los 27”, porque en el espacio de dos años, cuatro grandes artistas habían muerto en trágicas y misteriosa circunstancias y todos los cuatro a la edad de 27 años, alimentando entre los amantes de la trama, la creencia de que fueron “matados” por los poderes políticos, porque “molestaban”, fomentando a los aficionados por la abolición de la guerra de Vietnam, las leyes prohibicionistas y alimentando el movimiento del movimiento hippie de los años 60. La gente cantaba la libertad de pensamiento y la libertad personal de poder hacer y deshacer sus vidas, y por lo tanto han sido silenciados, para evitar un posible levantamiento de las masas.

Jim Morrison, con su voz sensual y cálida, que era una figura transgresora, encantadora, carismática y frágil al mismo tiempo, animaba a la gente a romper sus barreras mentales, para lograr un estado de libertad verdadera y absoluta.

Michael Jackson Part II

628x471In 1993, Michael confirmed on the Oprah Winfrey Show that the depigmentation of his skin was due to an illness called vitiligo. In the same year, he was accused for the first time of sexual child abuse. Evan Chandler, a disbarred dentist in Beverly Hills, accused him of sexually abusing his son, Jordan, who at the time was a minor. When formalizing the prosecution in a civil and not in a criminal court, he revealed that his sole purpose was to demand a payment. On January 25, 1994, Chandler was paid an unspecified amount of money and the media backed off Jackson. After Jackson sued Chandler for extortion phone calls that proved Jackson’s innocence surfaced. Over the years, the same Jordan Chandler sued his father for attempted murder. In the days following the death of the artist, he told the media that his father pushed him to lie for money and asked the deceased Jackson for forgiveness. The boy’s father, on November 18, 2009, was found dead after he shot himself in a hotel.

In 1994 the King of Pop married Lisa Marie Presley, the daughter of Elvis Presley, who he met in 1992. The marriage was highly criticized by the media, but he really loved Lisa, who, however, did not want to give him children, so they divorced two years later.

In 1995 he astonished the world yet again as a dancer with the sidewalk and the skywalk, also called airwalk that was presented at the MTV Video Music Awards. In the same year the double album “HIStory: Past, Present and Future-Book I” was released. The first disc, HIStory Begins, was a collection of 15 of the best Jackson tracks, published till then, while the second, HIStory Continues, contained 15 new songs; the cd was promoted by the history World Tour. During the Australian tour, on November 14, 1996, he married his former nurse, Deborah Jeanne Rowe. Two children were born from this union, Michael Joseph Jr. (whose name was changed to Prince Michael), and Paris-Michael Katherine. Three years later, the couple divorced and custody of the children was given, at the behest of Deborah, to the singer, and this made it possible to establish a good relationship between them.

In 1997 he released an album with new material, with remixes of singles from HIStory titled “Blood on the dance floor.” He dedicated the album to Elton John, who helped him fight against his addiction to morphine. Of the 5 new video songs, the most impressive is that accompanying “Ghosts”, a short film that lasted more than 35 minutes, which is still today the undisputed record for a music video.

MjinvincibleFour years later, “Invincible”, the last album before the singer’s sudden death, was published. Shortly before the release of the disc, he informed Tommy Mottola (former President of Sony Music) that he did not intend to renew his contract. In 2002, all the singles, videos and promotions for Invincible were canceled and the singer denounced Mottola, accusing him of boycott.

In the same year he went to Berlin to receive an award for his humanitarian efforts. Jackson was staying at Hotel Adlon and it was here that some fans gathered outside of his hotel room asking him to show his youngest son Prince Michael Jackson II, simply nicknamed Blanket. Later on, the singer affirmed that this child was the result of an artificial insemination from a surrogate mother. He brought the child onto the balcony, holding him with his right hand, and extended him over the railing. This gesture was very much criticized by the media.

In 2003 the documentary “Living with Michael Jackson” was released. Martin Bashir and his staff filmed him for eight months; a scene of the documentary showed Michael holding hands with Gavin Arvizo, a thirteen-year-old cancer patient. The singer admitted to having shared a bedroom with the child, but not the bed. Feeling forsaken by Bashir, Michael accused him of showing the documentary in a distorted way.

While Michael was in Las Vegas, the Santa Barbara Police confiscated the singer’s Neverland Ranch and sent him an arrest warrant for child sexual abuse on Gavin Arvizo. The FBI opened an investigation and closed the case because the facts did not subsist. Nevertheless, in 2005 Jackson had to go to court, but was acquitted of all ten charges as well as of the other four minor charges.

In 2003, actor Marlon Brando granted Michael sanctuary for the rest of his life on his 2,000 m² Onetahi Island, in the Polynesian archipelago, as a sign of their friendship. In the same year, his albums, Bad, Off the Wall, and Thriller were included in Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.

Three years later Visionary: The Video Singles, with 20 of his most successful singles was published. That same year, the Californian government ordered the closure of the Neverland Ranch, and asked him to pay $69,000, as a compensation for his employees; a week later, Michael closed Neverland and fired some employees.

On May 27, 2006, he won a “Legend Award” at the MTV Awards in Tokyo, and a month later he disclosed the foundation of “Michael Jackson Company, Inc.”, a production company.

In 2006 he took part in the World Music Awards in London, where he received a Diamond Award, which honors the artists who were able to sell more than 100 million copies, and sang “We Are the World” accompanied by a kid’s chorus. The performance of this song was to be programmed with the accompaniment of the other winners of the night, but this did not take place, due to some setbacks. Jackson also claimed to be dissatisfied with the high cost of the ticket, given that he had requested to get in for free. He was also honored by a representative of the Guinness World Records for selling 104 million copies of his Thriller album. On this occasion he was followed by the cameras of Access Hollywood, which filmed a documentary shown on his return at the meeting site of the Guinness World Records. He was the prizewinner seven times in his lifetime.

In 2008, on his 50th birthday, a greatest-hits album, titled King of Pop, for which the fans had chosen the songs to put on the disc, was released. The same year, Off the Wall and Thriller joined the Grammy Hall of Fame. Later on in that same year, he sold a part of the Neverland Ranch to Colony Capital.

On March 5, 2009, in a conference that was held at the O2 arena in London, he announced that he was planning a series of concerts in July and that at these concerts he would perform for the last time. But it was not clear whether he was referring only to London or speaking in general; this announcement led to many debates among journalists.

In June 2009 he was in Los Angeles when he was not feeling very well at his home in Holmby Hills. From the statements of Dr. Murray, on the night of June 24, Jackson was unable to fall asleep, despite the fact that he had been given a few doses of benzodiazepine, so the doctor administered the anesthetic Propofol, and later Michael was able to fall asleep. His doctor left him alone for two minutes to go to the bathroom, even though he was not connected to any infusion pump, which is required to adjust the dose of the medicine. Once back in the room, and seeing that the singer was not breathing, he began practicing CPR on the bed, where it is useless because it must be done on a hard surface. During the investigation it turned out that, after the administration of the drug, Murray was using two different mobile phones to make calls and send emails. The paramedics were called several times after about an hour by Jackson’s bodyguard Alvarez. The paramedic, who was on the scene, also testified to having received Alvarez’s call. Despite the timely transfer to UCLA Medical Center, resuscitation attempts were unsuccessful and he was pronounced dead at 14:26.

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The autopsy determined that his death was caused by an excess of Propofol, that the singer was in good health, and confirmed that he suffered from vitiligo. According to some sources, Michael used to take large amounts of pills, but toxicology tests showed that there were no trace of drugs in addition to those administered by his doctor.

The day of his death, the Internet exploded and social networks were blocked for several hours due to a lot of messages that fans wrote in his memory. Even U.S. President Barack Obama sent a letter to the Jackson family, expressing his condolences.

On July 7, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, a public commemoration with the presence of more than 18,000 fans, friends and relatives was held; on September 3, a private funeral was organized at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Los Angeles, where Jackson’s body can be found still today.

In his will, signed in 2002, Michael gave custody of his three children to his mother, Katherine, and his friend Diana Ross, who was named the guardian, if his mother is unable to care for them. But soon doubts and controversies arose: the day he is believed to have signed the documents, Jackson was in New York, while the documents state that he was in Los Angeles. In addition, it seems that the names of Jackson’s children were spelled incorrectly, and the family of the singer claimed that he would never have misspelled the names of his children on such an important document for their future.

At the time of his death, Jackson was about $400 million in debt, and the ensemble of his assets was estimated at more than a billion dollars, in addition to the $75 million estimated for the copyright of his songs. All sales of posthumous publications account for approximately $90 million. His entire estate was given to the Michael Jackson Family Trust Foundation.

In the three weeks following the death of the singer, over 9 million copies of his albums were sold worldwide. In October 2009 a new song titled This Is It, dating back to 1980, was played on the radio.

In 2012, the Jackson brothers wrote a letter, demanding the resignation of John Branca and John McClain as executors, and denounced AEG, which included Sony and Colony Capital. Reverend Al Sharpton also said that Michael was with him in New York on the day that he signed the will.

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On November 7, 2011, after forty-nine witnesses, six weeks of hearings, and nine hours of deliberation, Conrad Murray was found guilty of the death of the King of Pop, due to the administering of a surgical anesthetic that should only be administered in the hospital. He was convicted to four years in prison for manslaughter.

On November 21, 2011 Immortal was released; the disc contains Michael’s most famous songs.

Michael Jackson, thanks to his work, broke many taboos in the world of music, and contributed to the spread of black music, by breaking down racial barriers.

Michael Jackson Part I

Michael Joseph Jackson was born on August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana.

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Eighth of ten children, Michael discloses his talent since childhood, at the age of five, when he joins, a band formed by his brothers, The Jackson 5, who for the first time won a local talent show. In 1968 they signed a contract with the label Motown, and it was with this same label that Michael released his first four solo albums. One year later they debuted with the album “Diana Ross Presents The Jackson 5”, but after a few years, sales began declining, and the group left Motown to sign with CBS Records. However, before signing their new record deal, their old record company accused them of breaching their contract since they’d changed the band’s name to the “Jacksons.” With the departure of Jermaine, as a result of his marriage with the daughter of Motown’s president, they called Randy as a replacement and continued to tour and release albums including Destiny (1978), the band’s best-selling song.

Jackson met the record producer Quincy Jones during the filming of the musical “The Wiz” and he agreed to produce Michael’s next solo album, “Off the Wall.” Stevie Wonder and Paul McCartney also took part in this production. The album was a great success and even yielded several awards including a Grammy Award and an eight-time platinum disk in the U.S., making Jackson the first black artist to enter a rank for whites, breaking racial barriers and creating unified charts.

Michael went back to the recording studio with his brothers to record a new album, Triumph, released in 1980. The album was a success, but not as successful as “Off the Wall.” This was a clear sign that Michael was headed towards a soloist career.

In 1982 Jackson recorded the song “Someone in the Dark” for the soundtrack of the movie “ET: the Extra-Terrestrial” and received a Grammy. In the same year the second solo album by Michael entitled “Thriller” was released. The album was certified double diamond disk and it is still the best-selling album in music history. The impact of the album was also huge in popular music, to the point that on January 29, 1984, Michael receives more than eight statuettes for “Thriller” at the Grammy Awards.

The peak of his fame, however, culminated on March 25, 1983. That evening, Michael and the Jacksons, performed at the concert for the 25th anniversary of Motown. After singing with his brothers he came back on stage wearing a sparkly black jacket, a black hat and a white glove on his hand and began performing the song “Billie Jean.” Here he launched the moonwalk, now synonymous with the single. That particular clothing became so famous that Michael would continue to wear it for years to come when singing “Billie Jean” at all his concerts.

Michael Jackson (Photo by Jeff Kravitz/FilmMagic)

Many consider Michael the person who invented this move, but he did not exactly invent it, rather he refined it, as he modified and improved a similar step of the French actor and mime Marcel Marceau. Since then, it was regularly broadcast on MTV and he became the first African-American artist to appear on that TV station. Later, in 1984, he produced the music video for the single “Thriller”, and he invented the step mimicking the movement of zombies, a milestone in the music history. During this period he invented the sidewalk, in other words a lateral step based on the same principle of the moonwalk revised. He performed these two moves in many of his choreographies.

On January 27, 1984 the Jacksons were hired for an advertisement for Pepsi Cola. The band simulated a concert in front of thousands of fans, when Michael’s hair accidentally caught fire due to a pyrotechnical malfunction. The singer suffered severe second-degree burns to the scalp, and underwent some reconstructive plastic surgery. Due to this surgery, he became addicted to painkillers until 1993. The singer decided not to sue Pepsi and instead donated his settlement to the Brotman Medical Center in Culver City, California, that currently has a center named “The Michael Jackson Burn Center.”

On May 14, 1984, the artist was invited to the White House to receive an award from former U.S. President Ronald Reagan, for the support that Jackson had given to charities in the fight against alcohol and drugs.

In the same year, he officially announced his separation from the Jacksons to pursue his solo career.

In 1985 he co-wrote with Lionel Richie the philanthropic single “We are the World”, to raise money in the fight against hunger in Africa. At that time there was a controversy regarding Jackson who had bought ATV Music Publishing (headed by Paul McCartney and John Lennon) at an auction. Paul asked Yoko Ono, Lennon’s wife, to join financial forces to buy it back, but without avail. This, however, damaged his friendship and artistic collaboration with Paul McCartney. The rumor that Jackson had tried to buy the skeleton of Joseph Merrick, the Elephant Man, also began to circulate. Due to this incident he was nicknamed “Wacko Jacko”, which he detested. The news was later denied by the artist.

In 1986, the singer was diagnosed with a rare and acute form of vitiligo, a disease that causes depigmentation of parts of the skin. For this reason he often appeared in public with umbrellas to protect himself from the sun. Jackson would be “bleached” gradually and completely within a few years. To hide the disease he used many applications of foundation to homogenize his skin.

On August 31, 1987 “Bad” was released. It was an instant success and Jackson went on a world tour for over a year. In September 1987, the colossal Bad World Tour, Jackson’s first solo tour, began. The music video for Bad was filmed in a subway station in New York and for the first time the physical change of the singer was shown. The press, due to the clearing of his skin, covered this story many times and the tabloids spread the news of hypothetical surgical operations. In the bargain, they accused Jackson of denying his African-American origins.

The following year “Moonwalker”, a film written by and starring Michael Jackson that traces his career, and includes many unreleased films and music videos of the last album was published. He also wrote the autobiography “Moowalk”, in which he clarified that he had only undergone two nose surgeries and one chin surgery, and that puberty and his diet had affected his other physical changes. At that time he was honored with the title of “King of Pop.” Elizabeth Taylor and Eddie Murphy awarded him with this prize.

In 1988 he also showed off his talent as a choreographer and dancer with the Antigravity lean, the famous anti-gravity movement of the “Smooth Criminal” video, in which Michael tilts forward 60°. In the video he used ropes, while in his live performances, he used modified shoes, of which he held the patent.

In 1991 he published “Dangerous” which was a success, largely due to the lead single “Black or White”; the actor Macaulay Culkin was also in the video.

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The following year he began a promotional tour for the album, the Dangerous World Tour, an extraordinary tour with great special effects, that became one of the greatest shows in history. He founded the “Heal the World Foundation”, a charitable foundation for underprivileged children, and donated the entire proceeds of the concert to his association. The singer received many awards in the humanitarian field and an honorary degree from Oxford University. He was a real philanthropist and one of the most prominent humanitarian figures of all time. He holds the Guinness World Record for donating more money to charity than anyone else.

Jimi Hendrix

Jimi Hendrix, registrato all’anagrafe alla nascita come Johnny Allen Hendrix, nacque il 27 novembre 1942 a Seattle, USA. I primi anni furono molto difficili a causa del comportamento della madre, così Jimi venne affidato ad una famiglia afroamericana, i Champ. Il padre, Al, dopo il congedo si riprese il figlio e tentò di ricostruire quel poco che era rimasto del suo matrimonio, ma dopo tre anni e altri due figli, Leon e Joseph, i genitori di Hendrix si separarono definitivamente. Il complicato rapporto con la madre segnò Jimi per tutta la sua vita.

La madre morì il 2 febbraio 1958 a causa di una cirrosi epatica e così il padre gli regalò un ukulele; su questo strumento Jimi suonò le sue prime note. Di nascosto era solito suonare una chitarra che apparteneva ad un amico del padre e che, ubriaco, gliela vendette per 5 dollari. Jimi era mancino e la chitarra invece era per destri, ma questo non lo scoraggiò per nulla e imparò a suonarla alla rovescia, cosa che lo caratterizzerà.

Nel 1959 il padre gli regala una chitarra elettrica, e con quella inizia a suonare in diversi locali; i Velvetones sono il gruppo col quale fece il suo primo vero concerto. L’anno successivo gli rubarono la chitarra e il padre decise di regalargliela una nuova di colore bianco, che Jimi dipinse di rosso.

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Venne arrestato due volte nel maggio 1961 perché trovato a guidare due auto rubate. Così fu messo di fronte alla scelta dell’arruolamento o della prigionia; scelse la prima opzione e fu mandato nel Kentucky, riuscendo ad ottenere la Screaming Eagle (L’Aquila Urlante), simbolo dei paracadutisti statunitensi. Si stancò molto presto però, e trovò il modo per essere congedato. Sotto le armi conobbe il bassista Billy Cox, e aspettò il congedo di quest’ultimo per riconciliare la band formata allora, i King Kasual. Cercarono fortuna a Nashville e la trovarono, incontrando “Gorgeous” George Odell, uno showman tuttofare; ma Cox rifiutò l’offerta di costui e Jimi invece lo seguì, diventando chitarrista per la band di accompagnamento.

Nei tre anni che seguirono, Hendrix girava tutti gli Stati Uniti, ma nel 1963 era deciso a dare una svolta alla sua carriera e così nel 1964 si trasferì ad Harlem, New York. Lì conobbe Lithofayne “Fayne” Pridgeon, che divenne la sua ragazza, e che lo aiutò a fornirgli tutto ciò di cui aveva bisogno. Grazie a Fayne, Jimi conobbe diverse persone dell’ambiente musicale di Harlem.

Il suo primo riconoscimento gli fu consegnato all’Apollo Theater come premio di un concorso per artisti emergenti, ma ciò con gli fruttò molto e per sopravvivere era costretto a portare la sua chitarra svariate volte al banco dei pegni.

Un periodo importante è quello del marzo 1964, quando venne reclutato come chitarrista dalla Isley Brothers Band, partendo per un tour lungo tutti gli Stati Uniti, toccando anche i locali del Chitlin’ Circuit. Passava così da una band all’altra fino a firmare un contratto per due anni, nel 1956, con la Sioux Records.

Stanco di quell’ambiente, lasciò Fayne e si trasferì al Village, ripercorrendo le orme del suo idolo, Bob Dylan. Si unì alla band Curtis Knight and the Squires, ma non durò molto, perché, non avendo una sua chitarra, era costretto a chiedere in prestito quella dello stesso Knight; finché la sua ragazza, Carol “Kim” Shiroki, gli fece una notevole donazione di denaro, grazie alla quale acquistò la sua chitarra preferita: la Fender Stratocaster.

Nel 1966 Jimi fondò la sua prima band, Jimmy James and The Blue Flames alias The Rainflowers, richiamando l’attenzione di tutta New York e di un personaggio in particolare: Frank Zappa. Fu proprio Zappa, infatti, a mostrargli le prospettive di un effetto per chitarra di nuova produzione: l’ormai famoso wah wah.

Il 1966 fu l’anno della svolta per Jimi, che fece la conoscenza di Linda Keith. I due divennero subito amici e Linda gli fece conoscere Chas Chandler che, assistendo ad un concerto nel quale Jimi cantò Hey Joe, si convinse di aver trovato un grande musicista da lanciare. Così Hendrix elaborò una sua versione di tale canzone e il risultato convinse ancor di più Chandler che decise di portarlo a Londra per scritturarlo. Venendo a conoscenza dei numerosi contratti firmati precedentemente dal chitarrista, Chandler si mosse per acquisire tutti i diritti legali in modo da ottenere l’esclusiva. Per convincere Jimi ad andare a Londra Chandler gli promise che avrebbe conosciuto un personaggio molto apprezzato dallo stesso Hendrix: Eric Clapton. Il passo successivo era quello di affiancargli musicisti adeguati, scegliendo la formazione del trio, e furono scelti Noel Redding al basso e Mitch Mitchell alla batteria.

Era appena nata la Jimi Hendrix Experience. jimi7_2x

Il primo brano messo su 45 giri fu proprio Hey Joe, per l’album “Are You Experienced?”, che riscosse un ottimo successo, ma la band doveva ancora farsi conoscere negli States, così, in seguito alla raccomandazione di Paul McCartney, il gruppo fu invitato al Monterey Pop Festival e fu presentato da Brian Jones. La performance fu un enorme successo e risuonò in tutti gli Stati Uniti; Jimi fece con la sua chitarra quello che in pochi riuscivano a fare, suonandola dietro la schiena, con l’asta del microfono e perfino con i denti. Alla fine dell’esibizione, per renderle omaggio, gli diede fuoco, la distrusse sbattendola a terra e lanciò i pezzi al pubblico. Quello che resta di quella chitarra è esposto all’Experience Music Project di Seattle.

Nel 1967 esce il secondo album Axis: Bold as Love, travagliato in quanto Jimi lasciò il lato A del disco sul sedile posteriore di un taxi e fu impossibile recuperarlo, così dovettero registrarlo nuovamente in un’unica notte. Inoltre, la spiegazione di come doveva essere la copertina non venne compresa dallo studio grafico, al quale Jimi aveva chiesto di inserire il tema indiano, in riferimento alle tribù dei pellerossa, rappresentando così la band nei panni di alcune divinità indù.

Travagliato fu anche il doppio album Electric Ladyland. Innanzi tutto ci fu l’abbandono da parte dello storico produttore di Jimi, Chas Chandler, a causa dei continui scontri col chitarrista per la lunghezza delle canzoni e per le registrazioni troppo improvvisate. Hendrix era ritenuto un perfezionista, infatti, la leggenda vuole che il brano Gipsy Eyes sia stato registrato ben 43 volte prima che trovasse una versione di suo gradimento. Inoltre ci fu l’abbandono anche da parte di Noel Redding, che in realtà era un chitarrista, perché spesso litigava con Jimi, e, sbollentando la rabbia con una boccata d’aria, tornando in studio, trovava la sua parte di basso registrata da Hendrix durante la sua assenza.

L’ultima esibizione del gruppo avvenne il 29 giugno 1969 al Bob Fey’s Denver Pop Festival, e fu segnata da scontri tra le forze dell’ordine e il pubblico, tanto che la band dovette abbandonare il palco e rifugiarsi nel rimorchio di un camion.

La performance che più è rimasta nell’immaginario collettivo è sicuramente quella di Woodstock del 1969. La sua esibizione divenne il simbolo del festival. Il chitarrista salì sul palco presentando la nuova formazione, ribattezzando il gruppo Gipsy Sun and Rainbows. In una prestazione di due ore quello che più ha colpito gli spettatori e l’opinione pubblica è stata la trasfigurazione chitarristica di The Star-Spangled Banner, inno nazionale degli Stati Uniti. Ha suscitato moltissime controversie il significato che Jimi voleva attribuire nell’esporre in quel modo l’inno nazionale, anche se a suo dire l’ha suonato così perché gli piaceva e basta.

Nacque così la Band of Gipsys, che pubblicò un album omonimo nel 1970, l’ultimo prima della morte del chitarrista. Il gruppo non ebbe vita lunga, però, poiché ad un concerto Jimi si presentò visibilmente sotto effetto di droga, insultando i fan e costringendo i suoi tecnici a portarlo fuori di peso. Ciò creò enormi tensioni all’interno del gruppo, che si sciolse drasticamente quella sera stessa.

Nel 1970 finirono i lavori per gli studi di registrazione voluti da Hendrix: gli Electric Lady Studios. Furono inaugurati il 26 agosto 1970 e per l’occasione ci fu una sostanziosa sessione che vide la registrazione dell’ultimo brano del chitarrista, Belly Button Window.

La mattina del 18 settembre 1970 Jimi Hendrix, venne trovato morto nell’appartamento che aveva affittato. Anche lui aveva 27 anni.

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Non c’è ancora una versione certa del suo decesso. Quello che ha dichiarato la sua ragazza, presente in casa quella sera, è che Jimi è soffocato nel suo stesso vomito dopo un cocktail di alcool e tranquillanti. Non appena uscì la notizia, l’appartamento fu saccheggiato da sciacalli in cerca di cimeli che gli erano appartenuti. Le sue spoglie furono sepolte nel Greenwood Memorial Park di Renton, a Seattle. Sulla lapide venne incisa anche la sagoma della sua chitarra, ma le continue incursioni di saccheggiatori e fan indussero il padre a rivalutare il posto di sepoltura, progettando così una specie di cappella monumentale di proprietà della famiglia in una zona marginale. Al Hendrix morì nel 2002, appena due mesi prima della fine dei lavori della cappella, così il feretro di Jimi venne deposto all’interno insieme con quelli del padre e della nonna. Seattle, la sua città natale, gli ha voluto rendere omaggio con una statua e un parco a suo nome.

Jimi Hendrix con la sua chitarra, la Fender Stratocaster, resterà nell’immaginario collettivo mondiale come il simbolo della rivoluzione giovanile e del flower power degli anni 60.

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