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La morte nella musica

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PID Part II

In the White Album, on the poster of the booklet found inside the album, you can find other clues. There is an individual, who is thought to be William Campbell before undergoing plastic surgery, and, at the top left corner, a picture portrays Paul in a bathtub with foam around his head and he is placed in a strange position, an allusion to the scene of the accident. If you listen to the chorus of “Revolution 9” backwards it says, “Paul is dead, Paul is dead.” You also hear some comments about a surgeon and a dentist who did not do their job well. Is this an allusion to the work done on Paul’s replacement? In the bargain, the album cover is white, and in some cultures this color is a symbol of mourning.

AllCDCovers_beatles_yellow_submarine_1969_retail_cd-front-550x540Yet another disc, other clues. This time we are going to take a closer look at “Yellow Submarine.” On the album cover, the yellow submarine seems buried on a hill, and someone noted that the design of the submarine looks like a yellow coffin. In the song, precisely at 1:41, you can hear a voice that says: “Paul is dead”, while, in “All You Need Is Love”, the voiceover, says, “Yeah, he’s dead, we loved you yeah, yeah, yeah.”

Abbey-Road-Album-Cover-The album that validates even more the myth of the alleged death of Paul McCartney is Abbey Road. On the cover of the disc are the four Beatles crossing the road at a zebra crossing as if they were in a procession. The first from the right is Lennon, who is dressed in white, as if he were a priest, followed by Starr, who is wearing a dark suit and is associated with the pallbearer. Right after him there’s Paul, barefoot and with his eyes closed, he has a cigarette in his right hand (but Paul is left-handed), and finally we have Harrison in jeans, who is thought to be the one who digs Paul’s grave. Paul is also represented out of step with the others, as to underline his alienation from the group. To the left, there’s a white Beetle with the number plate LMW 28IF, interpreted as “28 IF” (he was still alive). But this is an inaccurate clue because the picture was taken on August 8, 1969, and Paul, who was born on June 18, 1942, would have been 27, but if you consider that some cultures calculate the age from conception it all adds up. Many people believe that LMW stands for “Lie ‘Mongst the Wadding”, a poem written by the American writer Stephen Crane, who also died at the age of 28, which appears in the “Sgt. Pepper’” collage. Across the street there is a black pickup truck, which many people argue was the car that flocked at the scene of the accident in the ‘60s in England. The only house number that you can see is the 3, indicating the remaining Beatles. On the back cover, the word Beatles has a crack running through the S, and then, a reflection on the wall appears to create a skull. Finally, you can see some dots on the wall, which if connected form the number 3.

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On the cover of the album Let It Be, Paul is the only one who looks in a different direction, and he’s the only one that appears in a red background. Also, if you listen to the chorus of the song backwards, you can perceive the phrase “He’s Been Dead.”

The third volume of “Anthology” also has some clues. The picture shows the faces of the Beatles, but while those of Lennon, Harrison and Starr are the same as the ones found on the cover of Let It Be, the photo that portrays Paul was taken from the album Rubber Soul, as to deliberately put an image of the “real” Paul and not that of his double.

Strangely, many clues can also be found in McCartney’s solo albums throughout his career.

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On the cover of the first solo album, titled “McCartney”, there’s the image of an empty cup with leftovers of cherry juice and cherries scattered around. In England there is an old proverb that says, “Life is just a bowl of cherries”, so the empty cup symbolizes the life that has ended.

[AllCDCovers]_paul_linda_mccartney_ram_retail_cd-frontIn another album, Ram, on the right side of the cover, is the acronym LILY that was officially translated as “Linda I Love You”, but if you repeat the same test carried out for the album “Sgt Pepper’s”, you can see the Roman number “III” once again, indicating three living band members and a dead one, or it can also refer to 9 November, the hypothetical date of the alleged accident.

The original copies of “London Town” included a poster in which you see a picture of Paul and Linda on a boat with the word “Substitute” above their heads, as to highlight the replacement of Paul, called “Faul” by proponents of the theory.

In the 1984 movie, starring Paul McCartney, titled Give My Regards To Broad Street, there’s a scene where he enters a room and he’s introduced as William, which is his real name.

In the 2007 album “Memory Almost Full” there are other clues. When listening to the song “Gratitude” backwards the following words can be perceived: “Who is this now? I was … Willie Campbell.”

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In 1969 a compilation album, titled “Very Together” was released in Canada and on the cover there’s a picture of four candles placed on a candelabra, three of which are lit and one has just been blown out. The four candles represent the Beatles whereas the blown out candle represents Paul.

Other irrefutable evidence can be attributed to Paul’s shoes. As a matter of fact, Faul, the substitute, was taller and it is believed that he wore bigger-sized shoes. A 1964 magazine wrote about Paul’s general information, such as his height, weight, hair color and shoe size, which was 41. But, in 2006, Paul gave a pair of his shoes to charity, which were size 44.

In 2009, two Italian experts, Francis Gavezzini, a computer technician, and Gabriella Carlesi, a coroner, conducted an anthropometry and a craniotomy study on the photos of Paul before and after the alleged accident, using sophisticated techniques of forensic medicine, to see whether he was the same person. Surprisingly, the results keep open the possibility that they are not the same person, given that the data (shape of the skull and jaw, curve of the jaw, the ear, palate and teeth) suggest that, although the body parts are very similar, they might belong to two different people. Additional studies were conducted in 2013 by the Italian anthropometric and biometric expert Daniel Gullà on behalf of the Italian TV show Mistero broadcast on Italia 1. The results show that the unchangeable parts of the face (the distance between the eyes, the length of the teeth, etc.) and the audio recordings of his voice, when compared to the pictures and the voice of Paul before and after 1966 have no common elements.

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In 2010 the news that the Aston Martin DB5 owned by Paul McCartney was located near Milan, in Italy, and was being restored by order of the new owner spread like wildfire. Moreover, signs of a car accident dating back to 1966 were found.

It is believed that the Beatles did not disclose the news of Paul’s death in order to avoid the shock of McCartney’s fans as well as for economic and political interests. Moreover, the British Secret Intelligence Service (MI5) allegedly intervened actively in the cover-up operation. It is believed that the inability to bear the burden of this terrible secret was the main cause that led to the dissolution of the group and the murder of Lennon in 1980, at the hands of the MI5, because Lennon threatened to reveal the truth.

Who is hidden behind Paul?

There are many names on the list: the previously mentioned names include William Campbell and William Sheppard, which are the most reliable, but other names were gradually added to the list including that of Tara Browne, who officially died in a car accident in 1966. Strangely, Paul McCartney’s children, Stella and James, have striking similarities with Tara Browne’s parents.

Is this just a coincidence?

Who really is Paul McCartney?

Annunci

PID Part I

One of the most fascinating, controversial, famous, and still current, conspiracy theories in the world of music is the legend of the death of Paul McCartney, nicknamed PID (Paul Is Dead), which began to circulate in 1969.

Legend has it that on the night of November 9, 1966, coming out of the rehearsal studio after arguing with the other members of the Beatles, he got into his car and not seeing a red light, went off the road to avoid the impact with another vehicle and slammed into a tree. The car then caught fire and Paul hit his head against the tree. In another version he was completely decapitated. Once his band members heard what had happened they decided not to leak the news to not upset the fans and to not endanger the future of the group, which in that year was at the peak of its success. So they started looking for a look-alike and chose William Campbell, a Scottish actor who underwent plastic surgery to look even more like the defunct Paul. In another version the name of the look-alike is thought to be William Sheppard, a former Canadian police officer. From that moment on, the Beatles no longer performed live, because the “new” Paul was taller than the original, and because he had yet to learn to play and talk like him.

GreatHoax

On the evening of October 12, 1969, DJ Russell Gibb, during a radio show in Detroit, said that the previous night he had received a call from a certain Tom, who argued that the real Paul McCartney died in a car accident in 1966, and, to support his argument, he stated that there were many clues in hidden messages in the Beatles’ songs and on the covers of their albums. About ten days later, another DJ, Roby Yonge, from a New York radio station, commented live about Paul’s death for an hour. At that time a magazine on newsstands titled Paul McCartney Dead: The Great Hoax came out.

Very soon the news spread and fans began to look for hidden messages, all the Beatles’ albums published before and after 1966 were selling like crazy. The reason why these clues were provided, according to the supporters of the legend, was to make the truth known indirectly and gradually.

The first reliable clues can be found on the cover of the album A Collection of Beatles Oldies (But Goldies!). In the word OLDIES is the word DIES, and the letters O and L, that, respectively, precede P and M in the alphabet, hence PM DIES (Paul McCartney dies). Moreover, the road shown on the cover seems to lead into the head of the person depicted on the cover, alluding to the wounds in the neck reported by McCartney as a result of the accident. In addition, for the first time on the cover of the album it says “Beatles” and not “The Beatles” and on the back cover Paul is the only one dressed in black.

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In the video for the single Penny Lane, from the album “Strawberry Fields Forever”, one of the times in which Lennon said, “Nothing is real” there’s a zoom on McCartney, to indicate that this is a “fake” Paul, according to proponents of the theory.

sgt-pepper2Another cover with many clues is that of “Sgt Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band.” On the right you will see a doll with a car on her womb, there’s an inscription on her shirt that says Welcome The Rolling Stones, who were friends of the band and were aware of the pile-up, and the car seems to be headed right towards the word STONES, with reference to that. At the bottom the name of the group is made up of red flowers and soon after you will see a circular red flower arrangement which, when read together, makes up the word BEATLESO, to be read detached BE AT LESO, as a reference to the supposed burial place of Paul, Lesotho. Just below, there’s a posy of yellow flowers with the shape of a bass (the instrument which Paul played) with only three strings, to represent the three surviving Beatles. Moreover, if you take a closer look it seems to make up the word PAUL. If you look at the four Beatles in the center of the cover, you will notice that McCartney is the only one photographed up front and he is also the only one to have a black tool in his hands. If you take a mirror and put it in front of the writing that appears on the bass drum LONELY HEARTS, you will cut in half the writing and when reading it in the mirror, you will see the phrase 1ONE1X HE DIE, where the 3 words symbolize the three remaining Beatles and HE DIE, even if grammatically incorrect, means he dies or he died. Another interpretation is 1X 11 or November 9, the date of the supposed accident. This is however the “Drum Clue” that is the most complex and intriguing clue among those found. In addition, a very singular thing is that the artist who created the cover was called Joe Ephgrave. We do not have proof of his real existence, therefore it is believed to be a fictitious name created by combining the words epitaph and grave.

110117 copiaThe back of the cover, with the texts of the songs and a photo of the band, still contains many clues, primarily, in the picture Paul is the only one shot from behind, his jacket has three black buttons, and is noticeably taller than the others. Furthermore, next to his head appear the words Without You. George Harrison’s finger is pointing towards the word “at five o’clock” (that would be the time of the accident), and every band member mimics a letter with his hands: George Harrison mimes an L, John Lennon mimes a V and Ringo Starr mimes an E, as if to represent the word LOVE, but Paul, who should have mimed an O, isn’t miming any letter, as if it had been erased. This can be interpreted as the disappearance of McCartney and the affection the Beatles were feeling for him.

Even in the lyrics there are some clues. In the opening track Paul introduces a certain Billy Shears; Billy is the nickname of William, as the likely replacement, and can be interpreted as Billy’s here. In the text of the song “Good Morning Good Morning” there’s the phrase “Nothing to do to save his life, calls his wife”, referring to the accident. The song “A Day in the Life” contains many clues: “He did not Notice that the lights had changed”, “He blew out His Mind in a car”, “They’d seen his face before.” In reality, the song refers to the 1966 car accident, in which Tara Browne, the Guinness heir of the Irish brewery, lost his life. His name was later included in the list of possible replacements for the real Paul. At the end of the album, there is a ghost track, “The Inner Groove”, which constantly repeats something that sounds like “Never could be any other way”, referring to the choice by the band to omit the fact that Paul had died. In the CD booklet there is also another clue: a coat of arms attached to the suit that Paul is wearing and it says “OPD”, which stands for Officially Pronounced Dead, but according to some it stands for Ontario Police Department. This is an odd clue as it would be the police department where Campbell worked before replacing Paul.

the_beatles-magical_mystery_tour-frontalAnother disc, other clues. On the cover of Magical Mystery Tour, a 1967 album, the star-shaped word Beatles, read in the mirror, revealed an English phone number, 5371438. It seems that in the ‘60s a recorded voice would answer at this number saying, “You’re getting closer.” To what? On this same cover of the album, the four Beatles appear dressed as psychedelic strange animals, in which Paul plays the role of a walrus, which for the Eskimos symbolizes death. In the song “I am the Walrus”, Lennon sings “I am the Walrus”, but in the booklet of the CD a certain “Little Nicholas” says, “No, you’re not”; in the same song you can hear a voiceover that, when played backwards, seems to be saying “Ha ha, Paul is dead.” The booklet of the CD has many clues: on page 3 Paul is sitting behind a desk where the words I was are written, and behind him two British flags are folded in mourning, on page 9 the sketch of Paul shows a crack on his head, referring to the injuries sustained in the alleged accident, on page 13, on the bass drum of the percussion you can read “LOVE the 3 Beatles” and, on page 23, Paul is the only one wearing a black flower on his jacket’s buttonhole. In the text of the song “Hello Goodbye”, Paul sings “You say goodbye, I say hello”, that the supporters of the conspiracy have interpreted as a kind of mockery against the real Paul, that is to say “you go out, I go in.”

Paul McCartney Part II

The last time he played with Lennon was in 1974 in a studio in Los Angeles, and the records were then placed in an album titled “Toot and a Snore in ’74.”1990-paul-michael-60

In the following years, he began to collaborate with Ringo Starr and published Tug of War, and Pipes of Peace. He then reached the pinnacle of the rankings once again, thanks to the co-written single “Say Say Say” with Michael Jackson.

In 1984, Paul debuted as a film producer and an actor with the film “Give My Regards to Broad Street”, and he also wrote the soundtrack.

Two years later, to give a contemporary feel to his music, he released the album “Press to Play” collaborating with Phil Collins, but the album disappointed critics and was the least sold disc of his solo career. The following year the anthology “All the Best”, containing the unreleased “Once Upon a Long Ago”, was released.

The artistic collaboration with Elvis Costello, with whom McCartney wrote seven songs in total, raised great curiosity.

At the end of the ‘80s he started a new tour, the first after the death of Lennon, “The Paul McCartney World Tour.” His wife Linda also went on tour with him and Paul sang many songs by the Beatles for the first time since the beginning of his solo career.

In 1991 he recorded an acoustic concert for the second season of “MTV Unplugged”, in which he also sang his first song ever “I Lost My Little Girl”, that was included in the album “Unplugged – The Official Bootleg.” Two years later, it was the arrival of “Off the Ground”, followed by a world tour, “The New World Tour” and the album “Paul Is Live.”

After the tour, he went back to the recording studio with Ringo Starr and George Harrison to work on the project “Anthology” by the Beatles, that included documentaries and three double albums of live and study recordings: Anthology 1 (1995), Anthology 2 (1996) and Anthology 3 (1996).

In 1997 he was knighted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, and published the new album Flaming Pie.

Then, he published Rushes I and II, under the pseudonym of “The Fireman”, which revealed his experimental side, with instrumental music in electronic key.

On April 17, 1998 Linda McCartney died of cancer, and Paul momentarily abandoned the music scene, debuting in 1999 as a painter at an exhibition in Munich. Once back in the world of music, he released Run Devil Run, a collection of his interpretations of classic rock ‘n roll of the 50s, with three new songs in the same style.

In the ‘90s he took a liking to classical music. He wrote his first piece for Paul McCartney’s Liverpool Oratorio, commissioned by the Royal Liverpool Philharmonic Society to celebrate its 150th anniversary. In 1997, he presented another piece, this time it was commissioned by EMI for the 100th anniversary of the label, titled Standing Stone, ending the decade with another piece called Working Classical.

In 2001 he took part in the concert event in memory of the victims of the terrorist attack of September 11, “The Concert for New York City”, composing a new song, Freedom, later recorded on the new album, “Driving Rain.”

The following year he married former model Heather Mills, with whom he had a daughter, Beatrice, and they divorced in 2006. In the same year he launched a world tour, starting in the United States and he even toured in Europe and Japan.

His 2005 album “Chaos and Creations in the Backyard” has sounds that are strongly reminiscent of those of the Beatles.

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The following year he released a new album of classical music, “Ecce Cor Meum”, which took him ten years to put together, and dedicated it to the memory of his first wife Linda. Later an album titled “Memory Almost Full”, preceded by the single “Dance Tonight” was released. The actress Natalie Portman was in the video, which was used by Apple to advertise their products, with Paul as the protagonist of the commercial.

In 2007, papers documented his relationship with Nancy Shevell, 17 years his junior. The couple was married at Westminster Register Office in London in 2011.

In November 2008, he participated in the MTV Europe Music Awards, and won the Ultimate Legend Award that was awarded to him in his hometown, Liverpool.

The same year he played the role of “The Fireman” once again and released the album “Electric Arguments”, composed and performed in thirteen days (one for each track), and recorded in his own studio.

The following year he was a guest at the Neil Young concert at Hyde Park in London and he dueted with McCartney on the song “A Day in the Life” of the Beatles.

On June 1, 2010 he received the Gershwin Award from the Library of Congress in Washington for all of his music pieces, which was given to him by U.S. President Barak Obama. The prize was previously awarded to Paul Simon and Stevie Wonder, and this was the first time that it was assigned to a non-American artist.

After two years “Kisses on the Bottom” was released. This was a tribute album with two new songs on which Stevie Wonder and Eric Clapton collaborated.

In 2012 he closed Queen Elizabeth’s Diamond Double Jubilee Concert, outside Buckingham Palace. In the same year, he closed the opening ceremony of the 2012 Summer Olympics, playing Hey Jude, and, he performed as the front man for Nirvana, with a piece titled “Cut Me Some Slack.” He had not realized that he was going to play the role of Kurt Cobain, because Dave Grohl, Nirvana’s drummer, told him he would have played with some old friends.

On 8 September 2012 he was decorated with the “Légion d’Honneur” by the French Head of State François Hollande for his music career.

In 2013 his new album, entitled New, came out. In October, in order to launch the album, he held a concert in Times Square in New York. He posted the following tweet via Twitter: “Very excited to be playing in New York Times Square at 1pm this afternoon!”

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Recently there have been rumors of a possible reunion of the surviving Beatles since he has contacted Ringo Starr a number of times.

McCartney appears in the Guinness World Records as the most successful musician and composer of popular music, with 60 gold discs and 100 million singles sold. His song Yesterday holds the record for being the most performed song in history. Paul is also the richest musician thanks to his estate that was valued at £680 million in 2013.

According to a famous legend, McCartney died in a car accident in 1966 and was replaced by a lookalike. Is this true?

Paul McCartney Part I

James Paul McCartney was born in Liverpool, England on June 18, 1942. Thank to his talent, he gained admission to the Liverpool Institute, where he met George Harrison in 1954.

Paul’s mother died in 1956 and for this reason McCartney got closer to John Lennon, whose mother had died when he was 17 years old. Paul’s father gave him a trumpet, but he traded it for an acoustic guitar. As he was left-handed, he had to learn to play it upside down and for this reason he entitled his first song, “I lost my little girl.” Later he learned to play the piano and wrote his second song, “When I’m sixty-four.”

In the summer of 1957 he met John Lennon and the Quarrymen, a band formed by Lennon with some classmates at a party. Lennon ‘s aunt, Mimi Stanley, did not approve of their friendship because of Paul’s origins, and Paul’s father believed that Lennon would get his son in trouble, but despite this, he allowed the Quarrymen to practice in his house. It was Paul that convinced Lennon to welcome George Harrison to the group made up of Stuart Sutcliffe on bass, a friend of Lennon’s, and Pete Best on drums. They started playing together on a tour in Scotland.

In 1962, Best and Sutcliffe left the band, Paul replaced Sutcliffe, and Ringo Starr joined the band as the drummer. They came up with the band name “The Beatles”, during a tour in Hamburg, Germany. In Hamburg they recorded their first published material, as an accompaniment to Tony Sheridan, which drew the attention of a key figure that became important for their future: Brian Epstein. He obtained a contract for the band with Parlophone.

Photo of BEATLES

The next two years the band emerged in Britain and the United States. In 1965 they were decorated with the title of Member of the Order of the British Empire.

After giving concerts, The Beatles, recorded other albums and performed more than 1,400 times around the world. They performed for the last time at the end of their 1966 tour. The equilibrium within the group began to sway due to the musical developments of each member and the death of Epstein. For this reason they began to evaluate individual proposals. McCartney was the first to be involved in solo projects when, in 1966, he composed the soundtrack for the film “The Family Way.”

In 1969 he married the American photographer Linda Eastman, she was divorced and had a daughter, Heather, who was adopted by Paul. The couple had three children: Mary, Stella and James.

In April 1970, a week before the release of his first solo album, McCartney announced that the Beatles were splitting up and they were legally disbanded in December of that year, when Paul sued the other members of the band.

His debut album as a solo artist is titled simply “McCartney” and contains several songs written when he was still with the Beatles, but never published in their albums.

With the desire to be part of a band, he organized a touring band in 1971 with his wife, Linda, Danny Seiwell on drums and Denny Laine on guitar. He called the band Wings, but when the “Wild Life” album came out it disappointed criticism. Later Henry McCullough also joined the band.

The turning point of the Wings was in 1973 with the album Red Rose Speedway and with the worldwide success “Live and Let Die”, the theme song of the James Bond movie with the same name title; but during the summer Seiwell and McCullough left the band. The other members of the Wings, however, decided to start recording the new album “Band on the Run”, that was well received by critics this time.

The following year, Jimmy McCulloch and Joe English joined the band and they recorded two albums “Venus and Mars “, released in 1975, and “Wings at the Speed ​​of Sound”, followed by a world tour, that ended in late 1976 with three concert nights at Wembley Stadium in London.

After some time off from the music scene, and the departure of McCulloch and English, they released the album “London Town”, and McCartney signed a contract with Columbia.

Laurence Juber and Steve Holly were the new musicians that joined the band and the group recorded the last album, “Back to the Egg”, before beginning a promotional tour, but during the trip to Japan, Paul was arrested at the Tokyo airport for possession of marijuana.

McCartney-II

Four months later, he decided to go back to the music scene as a solo artist, with a new album, “McCartney II”, released in 1980.

In the same year John Lennon died and Paul decided not to give concerts for a while, as he feared he was the “next one” to be murdered. This led to a conflict with Danny Laine, who, instead, wanted to continue to perform, and decided to leave Wings, so McCartney disbanded the group soon after.

Michael Jackson Part II

628x471In 1993, Michael confirmed on the Oprah Winfrey Show that the depigmentation of his skin was due to an illness called vitiligo. In the same year, he was accused for the first time of sexual child abuse. Evan Chandler, a disbarred dentist in Beverly Hills, accused him of sexually abusing his son, Jordan, who at the time was a minor. When formalizing the prosecution in a civil and not in a criminal court, he revealed that his sole purpose was to demand a payment. On January 25, 1994, Chandler was paid an unspecified amount of money and the media backed off Jackson. After Jackson sued Chandler for extortion phone calls that proved Jackson’s innocence surfaced. Over the years, the same Jordan Chandler sued his father for attempted murder. In the days following the death of the artist, he told the media that his father pushed him to lie for money and asked the deceased Jackson for forgiveness. The boy’s father, on November 18, 2009, was found dead after he shot himself in a hotel.

In 1994 the King of Pop married Lisa Marie Presley, the daughter of Elvis Presley, who he met in 1992. The marriage was highly criticized by the media, but he really loved Lisa, who, however, did not want to give him children, so they divorced two years later.

In 1995 he astonished the world yet again as a dancer with the sidewalk and the skywalk, also called airwalk that was presented at the MTV Video Music Awards. In the same year the double album “HIStory: Past, Present and Future-Book I” was released. The first disc, HIStory Begins, was a collection of 15 of the best Jackson tracks, published till then, while the second, HIStory Continues, contained 15 new songs; the cd was promoted by the history World Tour. During the Australian tour, on November 14, 1996, he married his former nurse, Deborah Jeanne Rowe. Two children were born from this union, Michael Joseph Jr. (whose name was changed to Prince Michael), and Paris-Michael Katherine. Three years later, the couple divorced and custody of the children was given, at the behest of Deborah, to the singer, and this made it possible to establish a good relationship between them.

In 1997 he released an album with new material, with remixes of singles from HIStory titled “Blood on the dance floor.” He dedicated the album to Elton John, who helped him fight against his addiction to morphine. Of the 5 new video songs, the most impressive is that accompanying “Ghosts”, a short film that lasted more than 35 minutes, which is still today the undisputed record for a music video.

MjinvincibleFour years later, “Invincible”, the last album before the singer’s sudden death, was published. Shortly before the release of the disc, he informed Tommy Mottola (former President of Sony Music) that he did not intend to renew his contract. In 2002, all the singles, videos and promotions for Invincible were canceled and the singer denounced Mottola, accusing him of boycott.

In the same year he went to Berlin to receive an award for his humanitarian efforts. Jackson was staying at Hotel Adlon and it was here that some fans gathered outside of his hotel room asking him to show his youngest son Prince Michael Jackson II, simply nicknamed Blanket. Later on, the singer affirmed that this child was the result of an artificial insemination from a surrogate mother. He brought the child onto the balcony, holding him with his right hand, and extended him over the railing. This gesture was very much criticized by the media.

In 2003 the documentary “Living with Michael Jackson” was released. Martin Bashir and his staff filmed him for eight months; a scene of the documentary showed Michael holding hands with Gavin Arvizo, a thirteen-year-old cancer patient. The singer admitted to having shared a bedroom with the child, but not the bed. Feeling forsaken by Bashir, Michael accused him of showing the documentary in a distorted way.

While Michael was in Las Vegas, the Santa Barbara Police confiscated the singer’s Neverland Ranch and sent him an arrest warrant for child sexual abuse on Gavin Arvizo. The FBI opened an investigation and closed the case because the facts did not subsist. Nevertheless, in 2005 Jackson had to go to court, but was acquitted of all ten charges as well as of the other four minor charges.

In 2003, actor Marlon Brando granted Michael sanctuary for the rest of his life on his 2,000 m² Onetahi Island, in the Polynesian archipelago, as a sign of their friendship. In the same year, his albums, Bad, Off the Wall, and Thriller were included in Rolling Stone magazine’s list of the 500 greatest albums of all time.

Three years later Visionary: The Video Singles, with 20 of his most successful singles was published. That same year, the Californian government ordered the closure of the Neverland Ranch, and asked him to pay $69,000, as a compensation for his employees; a week later, Michael closed Neverland and fired some employees.

On May 27, 2006, he won a “Legend Award” at the MTV Awards in Tokyo, and a month later he disclosed the foundation of “Michael Jackson Company, Inc.”, a production company.

In 2006 he took part in the World Music Awards in London, where he received a Diamond Award, which honors the artists who were able to sell more than 100 million copies, and sang “We Are the World” accompanied by a kid’s chorus. The performance of this song was to be programmed with the accompaniment of the other winners of the night, but this did not take place, due to some setbacks. Jackson also claimed to be dissatisfied with the high cost of the ticket, given that he had requested to get in for free. He was also honored by a representative of the Guinness World Records for selling 104 million copies of his Thriller album. On this occasion he was followed by the cameras of Access Hollywood, which filmed a documentary shown on his return at the meeting site of the Guinness World Records. He was the prizewinner seven times in his lifetime.

In 2008, on his 50th birthday, a greatest-hits album, titled King of Pop, for which the fans had chosen the songs to put on the disc, was released. The same year, Off the Wall and Thriller joined the Grammy Hall of Fame. Later on in that same year, he sold a part of the Neverland Ranch to Colony Capital.

On March 5, 2009, in a conference that was held at the O2 arena in London, he announced that he was planning a series of concerts in July and that at these concerts he would perform for the last time. But it was not clear whether he was referring only to London or speaking in general; this announcement led to many debates among journalists.

In June 2009 he was in Los Angeles when he was not feeling very well at his home in Holmby Hills. From the statements of Dr. Murray, on the night of June 24, Jackson was unable to fall asleep, despite the fact that he had been given a few doses of benzodiazepine, so the doctor administered the anesthetic Propofol, and later Michael was able to fall asleep. His doctor left him alone for two minutes to go to the bathroom, even though he was not connected to any infusion pump, which is required to adjust the dose of the medicine. Once back in the room, and seeing that the singer was not breathing, he began practicing CPR on the bed, where it is useless because it must be done on a hard surface. During the investigation it turned out that, after the administration of the drug, Murray was using two different mobile phones to make calls and send emails. The paramedics were called several times after about an hour by Jackson’s bodyguard Alvarez. The paramedic, who was on the scene, also testified to having received Alvarez’s call. Despite the timely transfer to UCLA Medical Center, resuscitation attempts were unsuccessful and he was pronounced dead at 14:26.

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The autopsy determined that his death was caused by an excess of Propofol, that the singer was in good health, and confirmed that he suffered from vitiligo. According to some sources, Michael used to take large amounts of pills, but toxicology tests showed that there were no trace of drugs in addition to those administered by his doctor.

The day of his death, the Internet exploded and social networks were blocked for several hours due to a lot of messages that fans wrote in his memory. Even U.S. President Barack Obama sent a letter to the Jackson family, expressing his condolences.

On July 7, at the Staples Center in Los Angeles, a public commemoration with the presence of more than 18,000 fans, friends and relatives was held; on September 3, a private funeral was organized at Forest Lawn Memorial Park in Los Angeles, where Jackson’s body can be found still today.

In his will, signed in 2002, Michael gave custody of his three children to his mother, Katherine, and his friend Diana Ross, who was named the guardian, if his mother is unable to care for them. But soon doubts and controversies arose: the day he is believed to have signed the documents, Jackson was in New York, while the documents state that he was in Los Angeles. In addition, it seems that the names of Jackson’s children were spelled incorrectly, and the family of the singer claimed that he would never have misspelled the names of his children on such an important document for their future.

At the time of his death, Jackson was about $400 million in debt, and the ensemble of his assets was estimated at more than a billion dollars, in addition to the $75 million estimated for the copyright of his songs. All sales of posthumous publications account for approximately $90 million. His entire estate was given to the Michael Jackson Family Trust Foundation.

In the three weeks following the death of the singer, over 9 million copies of his albums were sold worldwide. In October 2009 a new song titled This Is It, dating back to 1980, was played on the radio.

In 2012, the Jackson brothers wrote a letter, demanding the resignation of John Branca and John McClain as executors, and denounced AEG, which included Sony and Colony Capital. Reverend Al Sharpton also said that Michael was with him in New York on the day that he signed the will.

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On November 7, 2011, after forty-nine witnesses, six weeks of hearings, and nine hours of deliberation, Conrad Murray was found guilty of the death of the King of Pop, due to the administering of a surgical anesthetic that should only be administered in the hospital. He was convicted to four years in prison for manslaughter.

On November 21, 2011 Immortal was released; the disc contains Michael’s most famous songs.

Michael Jackson, thanks to his work, broke many taboos in the world of music, and contributed to the spread of black music, by breaking down racial barriers.

Michael Jackson Part I

Michael Joseph Jackson was born on August 29, 1958 in Gary, Indiana.

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Eighth of ten children, Michael discloses his talent since childhood, at the age of five, when he joins, a band formed by his brothers, The Jackson 5, who for the first time won a local talent show. In 1968 they signed a contract with the label Motown, and it was with this same label that Michael released his first four solo albums. One year later they debuted with the album “Diana Ross Presents The Jackson 5”, but after a few years, sales began declining, and the group left Motown to sign with CBS Records. However, before signing their new record deal, their old record company accused them of breaching their contract since they’d changed the band’s name to the “Jacksons.” With the departure of Jermaine, as a result of his marriage with the daughter of Motown’s president, they called Randy as a replacement and continued to tour and release albums including Destiny (1978), the band’s best-selling song.

Jackson met the record producer Quincy Jones during the filming of the musical “The Wiz” and he agreed to produce Michael’s next solo album, “Off the Wall.” Stevie Wonder and Paul McCartney also took part in this production. The album was a great success and even yielded several awards including a Grammy Award and an eight-time platinum disk in the U.S., making Jackson the first black artist to enter a rank for whites, breaking racial barriers and creating unified charts.

Michael went back to the recording studio with his brothers to record a new album, Triumph, released in 1980. The album was a success, but not as successful as “Off the Wall.” This was a clear sign that Michael was headed towards a soloist career.

In 1982 Jackson recorded the song “Someone in the Dark” for the soundtrack of the movie “ET: the Extra-Terrestrial” and received a Grammy. In the same year the second solo album by Michael entitled “Thriller” was released. The album was certified double diamond disk and it is still the best-selling album in music history. The impact of the album was also huge in popular music, to the point that on January 29, 1984, Michael receives more than eight statuettes for “Thriller” at the Grammy Awards.

The peak of his fame, however, culminated on March 25, 1983. That evening, Michael and the Jacksons, performed at the concert for the 25th anniversary of Motown. After singing with his brothers he came back on stage wearing a sparkly black jacket, a black hat and a white glove on his hand and began performing the song “Billie Jean.” Here he launched the moonwalk, now synonymous with the single. That particular clothing became so famous that Michael would continue to wear it for years to come when singing “Billie Jean” at all his concerts.

Michael Jackson (Photo by Jeff Kravitz/FilmMagic)

Many consider Michael the person who invented this move, but he did not exactly invent it, rather he refined it, as he modified and improved a similar step of the French actor and mime Marcel Marceau. Since then, it was regularly broadcast on MTV and he became the first African-American artist to appear on that TV station. Later, in 1984, he produced the music video for the single “Thriller”, and he invented the step mimicking the movement of zombies, a milestone in the music history. During this period he invented the sidewalk, in other words a lateral step based on the same principle of the moonwalk revised. He performed these two moves in many of his choreographies.

On January 27, 1984 the Jacksons were hired for an advertisement for Pepsi Cola. The band simulated a concert in front of thousands of fans, when Michael’s hair accidentally caught fire due to a pyrotechnical malfunction. The singer suffered severe second-degree burns to the scalp, and underwent some reconstructive plastic surgery. Due to this surgery, he became addicted to painkillers until 1993. The singer decided not to sue Pepsi and instead donated his settlement to the Brotman Medical Center in Culver City, California, that currently has a center named “The Michael Jackson Burn Center.”

On May 14, 1984, the artist was invited to the White House to receive an award from former U.S. President Ronald Reagan, for the support that Jackson had given to charities in the fight against alcohol and drugs.

In the same year, he officially announced his separation from the Jacksons to pursue his solo career.

In 1985 he co-wrote with Lionel Richie the philanthropic single “We are the World”, to raise money in the fight against hunger in Africa. At that time there was a controversy regarding Jackson who had bought ATV Music Publishing (headed by Paul McCartney and John Lennon) at an auction. Paul asked Yoko Ono, Lennon’s wife, to join financial forces to buy it back, but without avail. This, however, damaged his friendship and artistic collaboration with Paul McCartney. The rumor that Jackson had tried to buy the skeleton of Joseph Merrick, the Elephant Man, also began to circulate. Due to this incident he was nicknamed “Wacko Jacko”, which he detested. The news was later denied by the artist.

In 1986, the singer was diagnosed with a rare and acute form of vitiligo, a disease that causes depigmentation of parts of the skin. For this reason he often appeared in public with umbrellas to protect himself from the sun. Jackson would be “bleached” gradually and completely within a few years. To hide the disease he used many applications of foundation to homogenize his skin.

On August 31, 1987 “Bad” was released. It was an instant success and Jackson went on a world tour for over a year. In September 1987, the colossal Bad World Tour, Jackson’s first solo tour, began. The music video for Bad was filmed in a subway station in New York and for the first time the physical change of the singer was shown. The press, due to the clearing of his skin, covered this story many times and the tabloids spread the news of hypothetical surgical operations. In the bargain, they accused Jackson of denying his African-American origins.

The following year “Moonwalker”, a film written by and starring Michael Jackson that traces his career, and includes many unreleased films and music videos of the last album was published. He also wrote the autobiography “Moowalk”, in which he clarified that he had only undergone two nose surgeries and one chin surgery, and that puberty and his diet had affected his other physical changes. At that time he was honored with the title of “King of Pop.” Elizabeth Taylor and Eddie Murphy awarded him with this prize.

In 1988 he also showed off his talent as a choreographer and dancer with the Antigravity lean, the famous anti-gravity movement of the “Smooth Criminal” video, in which Michael tilts forward 60°. In the video he used ropes, while in his live performances, he used modified shoes, of which he held the patent.

In 1991 he published “Dangerous” which was a success, largely due to the lead single “Black or White”; the actor Macaulay Culkin was also in the video.

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The following year he began a promotional tour for the album, the Dangerous World Tour, an extraordinary tour with great special effects, that became one of the greatest shows in history. He founded the “Heal the World Foundation”, a charitable foundation for underprivileged children, and donated the entire proceeds of the concert to his association. The singer received many awards in the humanitarian field and an honorary degree from Oxford University. He was a real philanthropist and one of the most prominent humanitarian figures of all time. He holds the Guinness World Record for donating more money to charity than anyone else.

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